What is educational psychology?

What Does educational psychology Mean

The educational psychology is a branch of psychology which studies are the ways in which the produced human learning in schools. In this way, educational psychology studies how students learn and how they develop.

It should be noted that educational psychology provides solutions for the development of curricula, educational management, educational models and cognitive sciences in general.
In order to understand the main characteristics of learning in childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age, educational psychologists elaborate and apply different theories about human development, which are usually considered as stages of maturity .

In this sense, Jean Piaget has been an important influence for educational psychology, thanks to his theory that children go through four different stages of cognitive ability during their growth, until they reach abstract logical thinking when they exceed eleven years of age. .
The moral development of Lawrence Kohlberg and the child development model of Rudolf Steiner are other key contributions in the development of this psychology.
However, in addition to all these authors cited, reference to other great figures who also left their deep mark on educational psychology cannot be overlooked. This would be the case, for example, of the Italian educator and psychiatrist María Montessori who managed to give a fundamental turn to pedagogy at the beginning of the 20th century.
Specifically, said female raised her own pedagogical method, which has her surname, in which she established that four are the pillars that she fundamentally possesses. These are the adult, the minds of children, the learning environment and the so-called sensitive periods in which any little one is more prepared or receptive to acquiring new skills.
It is also interesting to emphasize the role played in educational psychology by the American philosopher William James, the psychologist Ann Brown who specialized in what are the instruments of memory, the French pedagogue Alfred Binet or the Russian psychologist Lev Vygotski who is known as the "Mozart of Psychology".
Educational psychologists take into account the different characteristics and abilities of each person. These differences are enhanced with constant development and learning, and are reflected in intelligence , creativity , motivation and communication skills , for example.
It is important to emphasize that motivation in particular acquires a fundamental role in this psychology that concerns us. And it is essential for learning to take place. in particular, it is considered that it is influenced from the level of interest that the person in question has to the will that he has to proceed to carry out a task through the beliefs he has or the aspirations that he has in this life and that he wants to achieve .

There are, on the other hand, numerous possible disabilities in school-age children, such as attention deficit disorder and dyslexia , among many others.

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