What is educational policy?

What Does educational policy Mean

The notion of politics has several uses. It can refer to the government of a State; to the activity carried out by the person who administers public affairs; to the guidelines that guide the actions; or the way in which the means are used to fulfill an objective.

The etymological origin of the term politics is found in the Greek. Specifically, it emanates from the expression “politiké techne”, which can be translated as “the art of things of the State” or “the art of living in society”.
Through its educational policy, a government can influence the production and distribution of knowledge.
The idea of ​​education
Educational, meanwhile, is an adjective that refers to what is linked to education : teaching or instruction. An educational process aims at the development of the individual's faculties through the transmission of knowledge and values.

Educational is a word that has its etymological origin in Latin. Exactly it must be emphasized that it is the result of the sum of several components of that language: the prefix “ex-”, which can be translated as “outwards”; the verb "ducere", which is synonymous with "guide", and the suffix "-tive", which is used to indicate an active or passive relationship.
What is an educational policy
Based on these ideas, we can focus on the definition of educational policy . This is the name given to all the actions of the State that seek to optimize the practices carried out in the field of education.
Education policy is a tool that governments have to get involved in the way in which knowledge is produced and distributed in a society . It is important to bear in mind that access to education is a human right that all States must guarantee.
Educational policies must aim to guarantee access to education.
Guarantee a human right
According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights , elementary education must be free and compulsory . That is why the educational policy of a country must always ensure this right as a priority. Public education also has to be of quality so that training is useful and productive.

In Spain we can establish that there is a problem with respect to the so-called educational policy and that is that around it there is always a disagreement on the part of the different political formations. In this way, what occurs is that each time a party accedes to the Government, it establishes its own law and measures on education, which do not have the consensus of all the others. Hence, when he is replaced at the head of the country, the new Government proceeds to change those to impose its own.
Education policies, in short, establish guidelines for action and create legal frameworks at the level of education. They involve laws, resolutions, and regulations that determine the nation's pedagogical doctrine and set its goals .
Among the most important advances that can be made in educational policy are, for example, putting more resources within the reach of the most vulnerable students, increasing the budget in this area, strengthening and betting on a quality educational law, support and promote public education ...

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