What is economic map?

What Does economic map Mean

A map is a graphic and metric representation of a certain territory . The art of drawing geographical maps is known as cartography , while those in charge of this activity are cartographers , who use different simplification techniques to facilitate the presentation of data.

There are different types of maps, which generally appear on a flat surface. A political map , for example, is one that shows the detail of political entities (created by man ). In this sense, the maps present the boundaries between countries or cities and include roads, railways and other human constructions.

The physical maps , meanwhile, focus on natural landforms, as mountains, hills, plateaus, deserts and rivers. Therefore, they are based on geological phenomena and are limited to showing natural limits.
On the other hand, there are maps that combine both political and geological elements, and are called physical-political maps .
There are even maps related to intellectual production or association of ideas, such as mind maps and concept maps .
As for the economic maps , they are those that, whether with or without political division, reflect the production or economic wealth of each region. Economic maps can show what kind of industries are in the area, oil or gas reserves, the existence of agricultural or livestock farms, etc.
The economic map, in this way, makes it possible to analyze how the economic production of a country is distributed and to design policies to promote the development of the most backward regions. At this point we must clarify that there are two fundamental uses for the economic map, or rather two areas in which it appears more frequently: the professional and the school.
The first is where the economic map has a utility that can lead to a tangible change for the economy of a country, since it is used by professionals who can make decisions based on the study of the characteristics of their national markets . The second, on the other hand, has an educational purpose, so that children are exposed to economic reality from a mere observation post.
This can be compared with tools from other fields of knowledge and that are presented to students from their first years in school so that they get to know them and begin to develop their own opinions about them. Thanks to this way of bringing children closer to certain issues of national importance, it awakens in some of them the vocation to assume a position of great responsibility in the future, which may change the course of their own economy .

As in other maps of similar types, the economic one makes use of different graphic codes so that by reading them we can easily identify the areas in which agricultural activities are carried out. For this you can use a palette of colors and patterns . For example: a dotted surface can indicate coffee production ; a bluish one, the banana plantations; one brown, the areas of sugar cane; one with oblique stripes, the cotton fields.
It is also possible to resort to more specific symbols, which in today's everyday speech could be called icons , to indicate the parts in which different articles are manufactured or produced or certain resources are exploited. Instead of painting entire areas, these small drawings are placed to indicate the presence of a factory or a mine, for example. In this case we can talk about the textile and pharmaceutical industries, food processing, oil refineries and iron mines, among other things.

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