What is dysautonomia?

What Does dysautonomia Mean

It is called dysautonomia a disorder caused by problems in the autonomic nervous system , whose function is to control and automatic regulation of the body functions (such as temperature, pressure and pulse). This alteration makes the person unable to develop actions normally.

Decades ago, dysautonomia was known as neurasthenia (a registered weakness in the nervous system). Today dysautonomia is understood as a chronic and multisymptomatic condition that generates a degree of disability . For unknown reasons, women are more likely than men to experience dysautonomia.

It should not be overlooked that there are different types of dysautonomia. Thus, for example, the following stand out:

-Depending on its location, it can be peripheral or central. The first affects postganglionic neurons and the second affects all neurons that lie before the ganglia.

-If we take into account its origin, it may be primary, because it does not have a defined cause and is usually degenerative, or secondary, because it appears in relation to another systemic disorder.

-Starting from the absence of chemical substances, dysautonomia can be adrenergic, cholinergic or mixed. In the first there is a lack of adrenaline and in the second there is a lack of acetylcholine.
A person with dysautonomia may feel fatigued , sleepy, look pale, and have cold hands and feet. You may even experience rapid heartbeat, dizziness, and even fainting. Frequent joint and headaches and irregular blood pressure are also part of this disease that is not contagious .
In addition to the symptoms shown, the person suffering from dysautonomia may present others such as loss of consciousness, which is perhaps one of the most identifying symptoms of this disease.
A virus , poisoning, trauma, or autoimmune disease can cause damage to the autonomic nervous system, leading to dysautonomia. Women with dysautonomia who become pregnant, on the other hand, may experience a worsening or relief of symptoms, depending on the case.
Although dysautonomia cannot be cured, it is possible to develop a treatment to minimize its effects and allow the patient to develop his life in the best possible way. The doctor can prescribe certain drugs to treat certain symptoms or suggest certain habits and routines (such as exercising and drinking lots of water, for example).
Other information of interest about this disorder are the following:

-Sometimes, due to some of its symptoms, it is often confused with depression or hypothyroidism.

-It is considered that the main risk factor that a person has to suffer it is that there are more cases in their family. Hence, there is what is known as family dysautonomia (FD), which is what parents transmit to their children through a defective gene and which, although it is not at all common, usually appears in people of Jewish descent in the area from Eastern Europe. It is interesting to know that it also responds to the name of type 3 hereditary sensory autonomic neuropathy.

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