What is dwarfism?

What Does dwarfism Mean

The dwarfism is an alteration of the growth which is characterized by a height that is much less to the average person of the same race and age. Who has dwarfism is called dwarf , although the term can be considered offensive.

The taunts towards people with dwarfism are very common, and this lack of respect can be seen especially in the world of the show, where dwarves usually figures "funny", simply by the nature of their bodies. Comedy shows very often resort to dwarfism to get easy laughs and this educates society in the lack of compassion in an extremely dangerous way, which is later reflected in school, in the office and on the public highway.

The individual with dwarfism not only does not reach the average size of his species , but is very far from it. As a reference, it can be said that women with a height less than 1.30 meters and men who are less than 1.40 meters suffer from dwarfism, although the condition depends on multiple factors.
The causes of dwarfism can be diverse. A genetic alteration , a deficiency in growth hormone, and diseases and disorders such as achondroplasia , hypochondroplasia, and cretinism can lead to the development of dwarfism.
The most common reason for dwarfism is achondroplasia, produced by an alteration of deoxyribonucleic acid ( DNA ) that affects the formation of cartilage. This mutation causes long bones to shorten, leading to shorter than usual arms and legs. This form of dwarfism is also often characterized by macrocephaly.
The person with achondroplasia dwarfism, therefore, usually has a large head, a normal trunk, and very short limbs. At the moment there is no known effective treatment to resolve the disorder.
In the case of those who have dwarfism due to problems in the pituitary gland (a gland that produces an insufficient amount of growth hormone), on the other hand, they can receive treatments that consist of the supply of the hormone in question.
Broadly speaking, it is possible to differentiate two fairly broad categories of dwarfism, which allow a more limited study of the causes and symptoms, while conducting research to find effective treatments:
* Disproportionate dwarfism : as its name indicates, it is one that carries incorrect proportions in the body. We can say that these people have some parts of a smaller size than normal and others larger than normal or of average size. In these cases there is a clear inhibition of bone growth;

* proportionate dwarfism : individuals in this group have excessively short bodies but the dimensions of all their parts are proportionally smaller. Here we can talk about certain diseases that are already present at birth or that manifest themselves during early childhood, and that block the normal development of the body.
It is very important to note that dwarfism does not directly lead to a deficiency in the individual's intellectual abilities, which can occur as a result of secondary factors, such as hydrocephalus (an excessive amount of fluid in the brain ).
No one should feel sorry for people with dwarfism, or think that their lives are necessarily limited by their height. In fact, many of them achieve as much or more than those with "normal" bodies. Such is the case of Peter Dinklage , one of the greatest exponents of American television and cinema. It is about an actor born in 1969, who has participated in the series Game of Thrones and the film X-men: days of the future past , among other titles of great importance.

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