What is dramaturgy?

What Does dramaturgy Mean

It is known as dramaturgy the art of composing and represent one story on stage . In turn, a playwright is one who writes the plays to be performed in theater or adapts other books to that format.

The playwright, therefore, is in charge of both the writing of the texts and the design of the play, since he is in charge of developing the structure of the representation. The main difference between a playwright and a writer who is dedicated to other genres is that, in playwriting, conflicts happen at the same time and place in which they occur.
Dramaturgical works can be divided into acts which, in turn, can be fragmented into pictures . Finally, the paintings are divided into scenes . The length of each of the parts of a play can vary according to the will of the playwright. There are works that are made up of a single act.

It is important to bear in mind that a playwriting work can be adapted to various formats. In this way, a theatrical work can be broadcast on television or reach the cinema. In all cases, the important thing is that the structure of actors interacting "here and now" is maintained in front of the eyes of the spectator who observes the representation of the actions.
Characteristics of a dramatic work
For a work to be pigeonholed within this genre it must have a certain structure, in which various parts can be defined.
* Exhibition of the conflict : the characters, the setting and the plot around which the play will revolve are presented. The conflict is the fundamental axis of a dramatic work, without it there is no drama. The presentation of the conflict varies according to the work. Depending on the vision of the playwright, it can be done from a character, as if the problem itself were an entity or from a point of view that escapes the will of the characters.
* Development of the action : as the work progresses, the conflict acquires more force; testing the principles or faculties of the characters and giving the story an artistic character . Dramatic thinking as such arises from that contrast of a reality with the ideas of the characters and the effort they put forth to overcome the vicissitudes of reality.
* Outcome of the action : when the protagonist manages to overcome the obstacle and the initial conflict no longer exists, the work is considered finished. In some cases, what disappears is not the conflict but the protagonist himself.
The dramatic works represent a human conflict, from the confrontation of two opposing forces . This must be resolved based on actions carried out by the protagonist (s). And, once it has been solved, the story is finished.

It is important to point out that, unlike texts of the narrative genre , plays manifest their richness from dialogues and do not require a narrator. The story unfolds from the chaining between the various dialogues .
Although it is strongly linked to theater, dramaturgy is also present in film and on television. This means that a playwright can be the author of film scripts and soap opera scripts, for example.
In the cinema, many directors are also playwrights , since they write their scripts themselves, as is the case of the Spanish Fernando León de Aranoa, who in addition to writing scripts for his films, is also the author of fantastic stories.

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