What is divergent thinking?

What Does divergent thinking Mean

What exists through intellectual activity is part of thought . This is a product of the mind that arises from the rational activity of the intellect or from the abstractions of the imagination.

It is possible to distinguish between different types of thinking, depending on the mental operation in question. The deductive thinking , the inductive thinking , the systematic thinking , the critical thinking and analytical thinking are some of them.
Divergent , for its part, is that which diverges (that disagrees, disagrees or separates). The thought divergent or lateral thinking , therefore, is the search for alternatives or creative and different possibilities for solving a problem .

Divergent thinking can be included within creative thinking , related more to imagination than to logical-rational thinking. The notion was coined by Maltese psychologist Edward De Bono , who claimed that divergent thinking is a way of organizing thought processes through unorthodox strategies. The objective, then, is to generate ideas that escape the guidelines of habitual thought.
For De Bono , lateral thinking can be developed by training techniques that help to look at the same object from different points of view . Divergent thinking is an engine of personal and social change as it provides new answers to known problems.
The Maltese psychologist recognizes three main types of thought obstructions: lack of information , mental blockage and the burden of the obvious. This last case, when the obviousness of the problem prevents a better option from being noticed, can be overcome through divergent thinking.
In general, our brain tends to relate the data it perceives in its environment to find logical and rational explanations; If we see a destroyed wall, we will assume that it was hit by a vehicle or that it was damaged by a water leak, but the first option we will consider will not be that a mutant being of enormous strength knocked it down.
In the same way, when solving the problems of our day to day (understanding as a problem any situation that we must overcome, from the simple decision of what to have lunch to the lack of money to pay the bills) we usually use the most resources. reasonable facilities that we have at our disposal . From our first years of life, they teach us to pursue normality , to adjust to a series of rules and expectations that, as promised, will provide us with stability and security in our adulthood.

If someone needs money, their first tendency is to look for work; Innovative projects rarely arise, blind bets in pursuit of a revolutionary idea that can end in the financial ruin of its author but, instead, make him a genius admired by the whole world. The great pioneers of history have known how to look beyond the obvious, pursue objectives that did not appear in the books and that did not give them any guarantee of success, and it is thanks to them that humanity advances.
There are many exercises that stimulate divergent thinking training, problems that pose a seemingly absurd or unsolvable situation. Let's look at an example: This morning I dropped an earring in my cafe. And although the cup was full, the earring did not get wet. How is it possible? At first glance, given certain cultural and idiomatic issues, our brain assumes that the term coffee refers to drinking, and that is the first mistake made by a person who believes they cannot solve this enigma.
If, on the other hand, we interpret it as a hospitality establishment in which meals and snacks are served , one of the possible correct answers shines before our eyes: the earring did not fall into the cup, but into the cafeteria, which also receives the name of coffee ; therefore the amount of drink remaining is not relevant.

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