What is dissolution?

What Does dissolution Mean

Dissolution comes from the Latin dissolutĭo . The term refers to the action and effect of dissolving (separating what was united in some way, homogeneously mixing the molecules of a substance in a liquid).

The solution or solution , therefore, is the homogeneous mixture resulting after dissolving any substance in a liquid. In a solution, it is possible to distinguish between the solute (the substance that dissolves in the mixture and that usually appears in less quantity) and the solvent or solvent (the substance where the solute dissolves).

The concentration of the solution is known as the ratio between the amount of solute and the amount of solvent. The higher the proportion of dissolved solute, the higher the concentration, and vice versa.
Within the field of physics and chemistry, it is worth noting the fact that we find a great variety of types of solutions. Thus, for example, we come across what is called aqueous. It receives this name because the solvent in it is water.
In the same way, we could speak of the so-called colloidal solution, which develops fundamentally within the chemical field. It is basically a compound that is the result of having carried out the dissolution of a colloid (a system made up of two or more phases) in what would be a specific fluid.
And you should not forget one of the most frequent dissolutions. We are referring to the one known as solid, which is the one that takes place as a consequence of having achieved a homogeneous mixture from two or more substances.
Likewise, if the criterion that we take into account to classify solutions is the quality and quantity of the concentration, we would have two other large classifications: empirical and valued.
The first are those in which what is taken into account is the quality of both the solvent and the solute. In this way, within them are saturated, supersaturated, concentrated, unsaturated ...
The second, for their part, are those that are opposed to the previous ones. That is, they do take into account the amount of solute and solvent that exists. This results in two types: molar and percentage solutions.
It should be noted that a solution is not the same as a suspension ; in the latter case, it is a mixture in which the solute is not totally dissolved, but can be found dispersed in small particles.
Salt dissolved in water is an example of dissolution, where the salt acts as the solute and the water takes the role of the solvent. Dissolving alcohol in water is another example.
The dissolution, on the other hand, allows to name the breaking or relaxation of the existing bonds between several people : "Alcoholism, like any other addiction, can cause the dissolution of a family" , "Injustice and inequality can lead the country its dissolution ” , “ The dissolution of society is a latent threat in the face of these levels of violence ” .

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