What is disinfection?

What Does disinfection Mean

In order to know the meaning of the term disinfection, it is necessary to first discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it is a word that derives from Latin because it is the result of the sum of two components of that language:

-The prefix "des-", which is used to indicate investment of the action.

-The noun "infectio", which means "invasion and development of a parasite within the body.

When a person disinfects something, they remove an infection or eliminate the possibility of it developing. This is achieved thanks to the destruction of pathogens that have the ability to invade a surface and multiply on it.
The disinfection , therefore, is a process that achieves kill microorganisms that cause infections , such as viruses or bacteria . The product that allows this result is known as a disinfectant .

Infectious agents are often found on objects such as tables, doors, pillows, coats, etc. The application of a disinfectant serves to prevent the development of an infection, since it eliminates the microorganisms before they can affect the human being .
If physical procedures are used, we have to establish that there are two disinfection methods:

-Disinfection through heat, which also responds to the name of pasteurization. It basically consists of keeping the liquid that is used at a temperature of approximately 65º for at least 15 minutes.

-Disinfection with ultraviolet rays, which dramatically decrease the microbial load.
The disinfectant products that can be used are divided into three clearly differentiated groups:

-Low level, which eliminate only a part of the pathogens.

-Middle level, which manage to kill some viruses, fungi and even bacterial spores.

-High level. These products stand out for being toxic and even very irritating. Also noteworthy is the fact that they kill all kinds of microorganisms.
The Alcohol , for example, is a product that serves to disinfect. If a woman buys metal earrings (earrings) that are placed through the earlobe, it is advisable to subject them to an alcohol disinfection to take care of their health.
In water , on the other hand, there can be various types of pathogens. That is why its disinfection through some physical or chemical method is important. Subjecting the water to boil , to cite one case, it allows the physical disinfection . If you opt for a chemical disinfection , it is possible to add chlorine or bleach ( bleach ).
Within the health area, disinfection is essential to avoid health problems in workers and also in patients. Thus, for example, the need to undertake high-level disinfection is established, especially in respiratory therapy equipment, in anesthesia circuits, in bronchoscopes ...

Finally, in the field of computing , disinfection consists of eliminating malicious programs called viruses . A virus can infect a computer (a computer) and delete data or affect the normal functioning of the system in different ways. The user, faced with this situation, can resort to antivirus software to carry out the necessary disinfection.

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