What is desert?

What Does desert Mean

From the Latin desertus , desert is a deserted and uninhabited place . The concept can be used in a strict and literal sense (when, really, there is no person in a geographical space) or in a symbolic way, to refer to the low attendance at an event, or to the fact that in a given place there are fewer people than is expected. expected. It can also be used as an adjective or as a noun.

For example: “I thought there were going to be more people, but this bowling alley is deserted” , “I don't like this town outside of the summer season: it's a desert” , “I would like to make a trip through the desert with my new truck ” .
A desert can be a sandy or stony terrain that lacks vegetation due to low rainfall. In this case, a desert is an ecosystem or a biome that receives less than 250 millimeters of rainfall per year.

The harsh environmental conditions mean that these deserts have little stable population. Some nomadic peoples live in certain deserts and move to look for food: "Martin traveled to Egypt to see the Sahara desert" , "Many people die while trying to cross the Arizona desert to reach the United States" , "Australia has great deserts where some indigenous groups live ” .
As an adjective, desert allows to name the contest, contest or auction that ends without a winner or awardee : "The literary contest was deserted since the jury considered that no work met the minimum quality requirements" , "The auction of the famous guitar musician was a failure: there were no offers and it was finally deserted ” .
World's most important deserts
Lençois Maranhenses
It is a national park within which there is a desert of white dunes that touches the coast and then enters the continent for 50 kilometers. The accumulations of water that form between June and September, as a result of the rains, are especially attractive .
Atacama
It is the driest desert in the entire world and it is found in Chile, delimited by the Andes mountain range and the sea on either side, and by the Sechura Desert to the north. It is important to note that it is considered part of the Pacific Desert. Some researchers claim that the southern Peruvian coast also belongs to the Atacama Desert.
Salar de Uyuni
This white desert is found in Bolivia and its landscape is worthy of admiration. It is a large area (10,582 square kilometers) of salt. It is the largest of its category in the world and is located in the department of Potosí. In its soil , several minerals are abundant, among which lithium stands out.

Sahara
Also known as the Sahara , it is the largest hot desert on the planet, with an area that exceeds 9 million square kilometers. It is located in the north of the African continent, which it divides into two zones : the Mediterranean, to the north, and the sub-Saharan, to the south. To the east is the Red Sea, and to the west, the Atlantic Ocean. Its age is greater than 2 and a half million years and its name derives from an Arabic word that translates as desert .
Sonora
This North American desert is also known as the Gila Desert , after the river of the same name, and occupies part of the territories of the United States and Mexico, although it extends especially through California and Arizona. It stands out for being one of the largest and hottest deserts in the world, although its dimensions are considerably smaller than those of the Sahara: 311 thousand square kilometers. The saguaro cactus is just one of the many unique species of flora and fauna found in Sonora.

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