What is derived words?

What Does derived words Mean

The words are those elements of an expression having a certain functionality and can be recognized from the stress and breaks. The combination of different words allows you to create sentences .

Among the various processes that enable the creation of a word, is the derivation . This mechanism consists of adding an affix to a concept to create a new word that maintains some kind of semantic link with the original term.
What is an affix? It is a grammatical sequence that can be placed before ( prefix ), in the middle ( infix ) or at the end ( suffix ) of a word to alter its meaning . The words derived , therefore, are those that arise by derivatization , by including an affix the structure of a term described as primitive .

The primitive name indicates that the term in question does not come from another, but is the first of its family . If we take the word "salt" , for example, we can find the following derived words: "Salar" , "salty" , "salitral" and "salting" , which are seen in sentences such as "Do not forget to salt the meat" , "The chicken is very salty" , "My father grew up next to the saltpeter" or "I like to eat salted anchovies" .
Other derived words can arise from primitive concepts such as "flower" : "vase" , "florist" , "floral" , "flora" , "flowery" and many more. These derived words are used in expressions such as "Be careful with Grandma's vase!" , "The florist offered me a bouquet of roses for fifty pesos" , "At her wedding, Lucia decorated the main table with a flower arrangement" , "The flora of this place is exuberant" or "The designer anticipated that flowery dresses will be in fashion again ” .
Let's see below the most used prefixes to transform certain terms into derived words, along with some examples that help to understand the daily life of these phenomena :
* a- : lack of, negation ( aphonic , atheist );

* anti- : contrary, opposition ( antichrist , anti-aircraft );

* bi- : two, double the primitive word in quantity ( bipartite , bilingual );

* co (n) - : company, union ( living together , co-producer );

* en-, em- : envelope, within ( bottle , paper , embed , encased );

* mono- : single, single ( monochromatic , monosyllable);

* multi- : various ( multilingual , moonlighting );

* poly- : many, abundance of something ( polymorphic , polyphasic );

* pre : previously ( predict , premonition );

* sub- : under, under, inferiority, decrease, secondary action ( underwater , subsoil , sublet , sub-delegate );

* super- : above, preeminence, excellence, in the highest degree, excess ( superstructure , superintendent , superfine, overproduction );

* tra (n) s- : through, to the other side ( transatlantic , misplacing , trespassing );

* uni- : one ( unicellular , unipersonal );

* vice- : instead of ( vice president , vice-chancellor ).

In the case of suffixes, some convert primitive words into nouns and others into adjectives. Let's see the main ones of the first group:
* -ada : blow, content ( stone , cart );

* -ance : quality ( arrogance , constancy );

* -anza : result of an action ( killing , moving );

* -dad : quality of ( goodness , punctuality );

* -dura : result of an action ( bite , zest );

* -ero : that carries out an action ( baker , sweeper );

* -eza : indicates a quality ( clumsiness ,greatness );

* -ism : system, doctrine ( machismo , Christianity );

* -ization : action and its result ( organization , realization );

* -or : used to form abstract masculine nouns ( heat , love );

* -ura : quality ( whiteness , freshness ).
Finally, let's see a list of the suffixes that give derived words belonging to the category of adjectives :
* -able, -ible : that can, that is capable of ( pleasant , recognizable );

* -aceous : approaching or resembling ( greyish , alliaceous );

* -ado, -al, -ario, -dero, -iento, -ivo, -izo, -oso : with the quality of ( winged , self-conscious , brutal , original , entrepreneur , original , enduring , perishable , filthy , hungry , pensive , persuasive , reddish ,shifting , slippery , wooded );

* -udo : with exaggerated quality of ( chin , bearded );

* -uzco, -usco : which tends to ( greenish , blackish ).

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