What is deliberation?

What Does deliberation Mean

The concept of deliberation , which comes from the Latin deliberatio , refers to the act and the result of deliberating : analyzing the benefits and disadvantages of a decision before making it or discarding it according to the intended effects.

For example: "The court decided to postpone the deliberation on the legality of the measure announced by the governor" , "The deliberation of the partners will last several weeks" , "The jury began yesterday the deliberation on the verdict" .
Deliberations take place in all areas of life. Sometimes it is an informal and spontaneous process ; in others, they are part of a pre-established mechanism and subject to certain rules .

It is important to mention that a deliberation can be individual . Suppose a person has to decide what to prepare for dinner. Before making a decision, open the cupboard and refrigerator (the refrigerator) to see what ingredients are available to you. Then you start an internal deliberation to define the right menu according to your possibilities.
The members of a marriage, on the other hand, can develop a deliberation before deciding the destination of their next vacation . Marcos proposes to go to a beach , while Ana prefers to travel to the mountains . Both debate the points for and against each option until they reach an agreement.
In other contexts, deliberation takes place in a more structured way. The legislators , to cite one case, deliberating before proceeding to a vote . The same is done by members of a court or jury before a ruling .
The steps to carry out a deliberation, regardless of whether it is in a formal or informal setting, are as follows:
* define the desired objective : it is not possible to start deliberating if there is no goal, the desire to make a decision or carry out an action . In the personal sphere, it can be about issues such as those mentioned in the previous examples, which do not carry very important consequences, while in the legal sphere, it can put on the balance the right of the accused to remain free or even alive;
* Identify the pros and cons : deliberation is precisely to observe consciously and detained all points for and against the decision that we take, and therefore can not take place in a split second. We need to take time to look around us and anticipate what would happen if we went ahead;

* The verdict : both in a court and in our own home, after deliberation comes the verdict, that ruling, judgment or opinion that we issue after reflection and that marks the course of our actions from that moment on.
Given that deliberation is opposed to negligence or lack of conscience when acting, it is logical that the decisions that emerge from this moment of reflection and debate are worthy of penalties and reproaches if they carry serious consequences. We could say that in the absence of deliberation one acts on impulse, although with certain nuances it would also be correct to attribute the lack of foresight to custom.
The adverb deliberately serves to describe the way we act after deliberation, both internal and group. Depending on the context, it can be used to emphasize the careful planning behind a decision, but also to scold someone who has broken a rule, for example: “You can tell that his steps are deliberate, that he carefully analyzes the path and every one of his movements before moving on » , « I don't understand why you did this, and even less that you acted deliberately » .

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