What is debridement?

What Does debridement Mean

Debridement is the act and result of debriding . This verb is used in the field of medicine to refer to the division of fibrous tissues that could generate gangrene or the separation of those filaments that, in a sore, make it difficult to expel pus.

It can be said, in other words , that debridement consists of removing infected, damaged or dead tissue . This allows to protect the surrounding tissue, improving its conditions.
There are different procedures that make debridement possible. It can be carried out by means of a surgical intervention , with the application of a chemical substance or favoring autolysis . It is even possible to use sterile larvae that are raised in laboratories and that are responsible for cleaning the dead tissues.

In the event of a serious wound or burn, debridement is essential. This type of condition can lead to the development of infections if the dead tissue is not removed. Hence the importance of debridement.
When it comes to vascular ulcers, it is also important to establish that debridement becomes an essential resource in their treatment. In this case, it is important to point out that there are different types of debridement such as the following:

-Surgical debridement which, as its name suggests, is one that is carried out directly in the operating room.

-Biological debridement, which is carried out using what are larvae.

-Enzymatic debridement, which is based on the use of enzymatic products.

-Osmotic debridement, which is characterized in that it develops by carrying out what is the exchange of fluids with different densities.

-Autolytic debridement, which is based on what is known as the principle of cure in a humid environment.
Starting, therefore, from the existence of different types of debridement, when faced with a vascular ulcer, the doctor who attends to the patient who suffers from it will make the determination of which is the most appropriate within the corresponding treatment. Specifically, to select the correct one, factors such as the person's condition, the characteristics of the ulcer, the conditions of the injury or the care that must be carried out later will take into account.
In the field of dentistry , debridement is the process performed to remove stones and plaque that accumulates between teeth. In this case, manual tools, chemicals and ultrasound are usually used in order to complete the task successfully.
Dental debridement is considered to be necessary with patients who have not seen the dentist for years and who, therefore, have not performed the recommended cleanings. It should be noted that it is a faster process than cleaning, although it is also more complicated.

It is important to bear in mind that, in general, debridement develops naturally: the body is in a position to carry out autolytic debridement , albeit in a long time. That is why it seeks to accelerate debridement to minimize risks and facilitate recovery.

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