What is death penalty?

What Does death penalty Mean

The concept of punishment has its origin in the Latin term poena and refers to the punishment that is established by a judge or a court in accordance with the provisions of the law , and that has the purpose of punishing anyone who has committed a crime or a missing .

The death penalty or capital punishment is framed within the corporal penalties , since the punishment has a direct effect on the body of the sanctioned person. As its name indicates, the death penalty consists of taking the life of the person who, according to the judge, is considered guilty of a serious offense.
It could be said that the death penalty has its origins in the Talion Law ( “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” ), which is included in the Code of Hammurabi in the seventeenth century BC. In any case, many personalities throughout history have supported or justified this type of penalty, such as Plato , Aristotle , Saint Thomas Aquinas , Jean-Jacques Rousseau , Immanuel Kant and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel .

The United States is one of the countries that currently maintains the death penalty, despite the fact that institutions and organizations such as the European Union have tried to abolish that law. And it is that the figures do not cease to amaze in the XXI century because in 2012 in North American lands a total of 43 people were executed.
It is also important to emphasize that in that nation those sentenced to death see their lives ending through the lethal injection system. That is, a procedure by which patients are injected continuously and intravenously, in an amount that is fatal, with a fast-acting barbiturate mixed with a paralytic.
In this sense, although it ends with the lives of the inmates, it is singular to highlight the case that occurred in the United States in 2009, which is that a man sentenced to death survived his execution after receiving almost twenty punctures.
In addition to all the above, we can point out that American cinema has made a large number of films that revolve around the aforementioned capital punishment. However, among all of them we should highlight the one entitled "Death Penalty" (1995), directed by Tim Robbins.
Susan Sarandon and Sean Penn are the protagonists of this production, which tells the true story of a man who was sentenced to die for considering himself guilty of the murder of two young men. His last days of life are those that are portrayed in this film that revolves around the relationship that the prisoner will maintain with a nun who will try to comfort him.

However, at present, most countries have abolished the death penalty as a barbaric method that violates dignity and human rights. There are those who question it from a practical point of view (the judges who sentence to death are human, so they can make mistakes and blame an innocent person) and others take into account philosophical or religious factors (only God can give or take life ).
The squad fired back , the gallows , the beheading , the gas chamber , the lethal injection , the electric chair and stoning are some of the methods used to apply the death penalty.

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