What is cultural geography?

What Does Cultural Geography Mean

We explain what cultural geography is, its history, object of study and auxiliary sciences. Also, other branches of geography.

Cultural geography studies the relationship of human works with geography.

What is cultural geography?

Cultural geography is a geographical discipline that studies the cultural phenomena and products of different human populations and their link with space as populations migrate , move or settle during a specific period of time.

The approach to cultural geography is similar and complementary to that of general geography , that is, to the understanding of the world based on the distribution and structuring of its different regions , each one endowed with natural aspects and human works. It is the latter that are of interest to cultural geography.

For that reason, in some academies it is assumed that cultural geography is an equivalent of human geography , that is, a different name for the same thing, while in others it is thought of as a much more specific division of it.

It can serve you: Cultural landscape

History of cultural geography

Human beings have always had an impact and were affected by their environment.

The term "cultural geography" emerged in the United States at the beginning of the 20th century , as more or less synonymous with human geography, that is, in contrast to the geographical description of natural accidents.

This use is maintained in many Anglo-Saxon academies. In this context, some of its great local names emerged in the 1920s and 1930s, especially Carl O. Sauer (1889-1975), author of Cultural Geography , where the foundations for the discipline were laid. After the Second World War , cultural geography became a more natural discipline .

This diffusion occurs in the midst of a veritable explosion of European representatives such as Schultze, Bobek, Biasutti, Sestini, Max Sorre and Paul Claval, among others. Sorre, in particular, considered the perspective of cultural geography very narrow and was a supporter of the rise of human geography in its place.

Object of study of cultural geography

Cultural geography studies, said by Carl Oscar Sauer in his Cultural Geography , "... human works that are inscribed on the earth's surface and give it a characteristic expression."

This phrase means that its object of study is, in principle, the way in which different human cultures interact and modify their natural geographical environment . Put more simply, it studies from a geographical point of view the footprint of human beings on the planet.

Auxiliary sciences of cultural geography

Cultural geography draws on other disciplines, such as economic geography.

Cultural geography has a necessary contact with the other branches of geography , such as physical geography or economic geography . It is also related to humanistic disciplines and social sciences that are also interested in the human being and his way of building society , such as anthropology , sociology , history or linguistics .

Other branches of geography

Geography is a science that includes other renowned branches, such as:

  • Physical geography . The one that is interested in the relief , the formation of the earth's surface and other geographical aspects that have to do with nature .
  • Human geography . That which, unlike the previous one, focuses its attention on the geographical presence of the human being, that is, in their societies and the way in which they interact with their environment.
  • Economic geography . A branch of human geography that focuses on the economically relevant aspects of the planet, that is, the location of its exploitable resources and the way thehuman economy is distributed across the globe.
  • Linguistic geography. Another branch of human geography, although perhaps also cultural, which contemplates the distribution of languages on the planet, as well as their historical events and their points of contact.
  • Social geography . A highly specialized branch of human geography that studies the reciprocal relationships between the geographic environment and different human societies, emphasizing how one determines the other throughout history .

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