What is Crown?

What Does Crown Mean

Crown , from the Latin crown , is a term with several meanings. It can be the metal frame, flowers or branches that is placed on the head as a symbol of an honorific insignia, a dignity or as an ornament.

For example: "I will enter Edenton Castle and steal the crown of King John IX" , "The monarch walked among his subjects wearing a crown of gold and diamonds and a velvet cape" , "Upon receiving the olive crown, the Olympic champions could not contain the tears of emotion ” .
A crown can also be a symbolic recognition , without physical testimony. In these cases, the expression “king without a crown” is often used since it is considered that a person reigns in a certain area due to their conditions or achievements: “With the new title, Lionel Messi confirmed that he holds the crown of world football” , "The Los Angeles Lakers team will try to regain the crown despite having lost its historic coach" , "The director wants to revalidate his crown as the favorite son of critics with his new production . "

A crown can also be a set of leaves and / or flowers arranged in a circle : "The family asked the singer's followers not to send crowns, but to donate the money to charities" , "Don Javier was moved when he arrived a crown from their homeland ” , “ The children's crown was placed next to the drawer ” .
Another use of the term refers to the circular thing that has a high part : "To make the dough, first we have to make a crown with the flour and place a tablespoon of oil in the middle . "
The monetary unit of certain countries , the part of the teeth that protrudes from the gum and the artificial piece that protects or replaces this dental part is also known as a crown.
In music theory
The crown, also called calderón , is a sign of the musical notation that allows to indicate a moment of rest, since it lengthens the duration of the figure it affects, and this can be either a note, a silence or a bar of compass. Its effect is to prolong the existing pulse to the figure before the crowned one ; Although it does not establish an exact amount of time for said alteration, since it is at the discretion and discretion of the performers or the directors, the most common is that the duration is doubled.
In solo concerts , the crown is used to mark cadences, passages in which the musicians are free to improvise. In the arias da capo , coming from the Baroque and characterized by consisting of three parts (A, B and C), this sign serves to indicate the end of the first part.

Regarding its appearance, the crown has a design very simple and easy to distinguish: consists of a point and a semicircle that is located above the same, but can also be drawn in reverse.
The preferred tendency of academic music is to place the crown on the figure whose duration is to be altered , regardless of the direction of its stem (the vertical bar that is attached to the head of all figures, except for the round one). However, it is possible to place it below, if the staff requires it for reasons of space, or due to a stylistic decision of the composer or reviewer.
The origin of the crown dates back to the Middle Ages, to the fourteenth century, and generally affected the last note of the pieces. In the Renaissance, composers like Josquin des Prez and Guillaume Dufay used it on many occasions. During the Baroque, some composers, among whom was Johann Sebastian Bach, took advantage of the crown to indicate the end of a phrase.

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