What is coup?

What Does coup Mean

It is known as a blow to the act and consequence of hitting, a verb that refers to both physical impacts and those of a symbolic nature. The State , for its part, is a modality that allows a society to be organized in a sovereign and coercive manner and with authority to regulate the functioning of the community within a given territory.

By combining the definitions of both terms, the notion of coup d'état arises . It is a violent action carried out by military or rebel forces that seek to remain with the government of a State . The coup, in this way, supposes the replacement of the existing authorities and the change of command of the state institutions by imposition.

Specifically, to establish the origin of the term we have to go back to the France of the 18th century when it began to be used to refer to all those actions of a violent nature that the king carried out without taking into account the established norms, morally and legally, in the society. The fact that they were undertaken in this way was based on the fact that they were necessary for the common good.
The coup d'état constitutes a violation and lack of recognition of constitutional legitimacy since it violates the legal regulations of arrival and permanence in power. It is possible to distinguish between two main types of coups d'état: the institutional coup is one that takes place when certain members of the actual party come to power, while the military coup is carried out by the armed forces. In recent decades, the notion of a market coup has been added to refer to the institutional changes that take place due to pressure from economic groups in conditions to destabilize the economy .
Among the most important coups d'état in history, for example, the one that took place in Spain in 1936 stands out. An action that was carried out against the reigning government at that time, the Second Republic, and that led to the bloodiest time in the country: the Civil War. A warlike conflict that brought horror, desolation and death to the nation and that would end with the establishment of a dictatorship imposed by the rebels led by Francisco Franco.
However, other equally relevant coups d'état have taken place in Spain. Specifically, another of the best known was the bankruptcy that was carried out on February 23, 1981 by Lieutenant Colonel of the Civil Guard Antonio Tejero. A plan that was frustrated thanks to the action of the King and General Alfonso Armada.
So far in the 21st century there have also been various coups d'état around the world. Among the most significant are that of Thailand in 2006 by the army, that of Honduras in 2009 or that of April 2012 in Guinea-Bisaú.

There are several terms that are often used synonymously with a coup but that actually have other meanings. A revolution , for example, implies a profound social change, something that may not be present in a coup. The civil war , on the other hand, is a military confrontation extended in time between members of the same society (the coup, on the other hand, is a rapid action). The rebellions , uprisings and riots , finally, are collective disobedience no intention of taking power .

Go up