What is countersign?
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What Does countersign Mean
Endorse is a verb that refers to the action of approving, confirming or authorizing something . It generally refers to the approval of a document by an individual empowered to do so.
For example: "The Federation of Tennis Players must now endorse the agreement reached by the athletes during the informal meetings that took place at the end of the Madrid tournament" , "The senator assured that the Government will not endorse the program prepared by the group of economists " , " The deadline to endorse the authorizations for sale on public roads will end next Friday . "
The verb to endorse also refers to performing an action again and, by extension, to ratifying something. In this sense, it is common for the notion to be used to mention what something or someone does or should do to confirm what it was hinting at or suggesting.
Let's take a sports case. A soccer team that had lost three consecutive games, recovers in the fourth game with a victory. According to journalists, he will now have to endorse his recovery with another positive result in the fifth match. If the team achieves a win again, it will have endorsed its good moment.
A singer, for his part, can endorse the good impression his first live performance in a country made with similar performances at his subsequent concerts. The artist in question will have to show his quality and charisma again to finally show the public that the great show he offered the first time was not accidental.
There are numerous examples of artists who shine in their first performances but then go through a decline that ends up destroying their careers before they have time to mature and develop properly. Although one of the reasons why something like this happens is an unhealthy lifestyle, usually due to addictions of various types, there can also be a creative block that prevents the individual from improving himself after a great success .
In the field of Constitutional Law , it is known by the name of endorsement to the technique used to remove functions from the sovereign and attribute them to the endorser who has the competence; In other words, it is the path that democratic regimes have followed in history to get the king to have less power and to reach a parliamentary monarchy from a constitutional one .
Since the figure of the king should not be subject to political controls, it could not create action plans that directly represent the will of the people and, therefore, does not have democratic legitimacy. That is why the king cannot make political decisions but rather finalize or perfect procedures and fulfill the will of the powers of the State that do enjoy democratic legitimacy. The law says that you have no responsibility, as you cannot demand it if you are not allowed to make decisions.
In this way, according to the law , the responsibility for the actions of the king are those who endorse them, the so-called endorsers . In general, the people who assume the power and political responsibility that the endorsement mechanism takes away from the head of state are the head of government or a minister, but it can also be the president of the legislative assembly.
The ministerial endorsement is the signature that at least one minister puts on a document, together with that of the head of state to authenticate it. In this sense, endorse is understood as a synonym of certify . It is worth mentioning that the endorsement is interpreted differently in the parliamentary regime, since it is defined as the award to the ministerial cabinet of the political responsibility of the acts of which the head of state is simply the nominal author.