What is civil registration?

What Does civil registration Mean

It is known as civil registry to the state institution that provides proof of various events and actions related to the marital status of individuals. The marriages , the births , the deaths , the emancipations and even the names and surnames of human beings are recorded by these entities generally are responsible for managing various personal documents.

The support of the existence of civil registries is the need of the State to have reliable information about citizens, with which it is possible to carry out tasks of protection and social assistance and the development of policies based on the use of the statistics emanating from it.

For this reason, when a person is born , it is mandatory to register their birth in the civil registry, which will grant an identity document to the newborn. There will be your name and surname, date of birth, nationality and other information. This inscription in the civil registry implies the recognition of the State of the person who has just been born: it can be said that an individual without documents does not exist for the State, for which reason he is outside the system and cannot access public services such as education and health.
By registering a marriage or divorce in the civil registry, on the other hand, the rights of the members of the couple are protected . The registration of deaths, on the other hand, makes it possible to exercise the right of succession .
The civil registry, in short, is an institution of great importance for citizens since, through its acts and the documents it issues, it is possible to exercise an enormous number of rights. In other words, it is clear that the presence of the civil registry and its action offer benefits both to the State and to citizens, since greater and more reliable control can only be negative for those who wish to evade their obligations.
Other issues that are relevant to the civil registry are the protection of large families and the electoral census , two points for which modern states show great interest in the existence of a registry of their inhabitants. Let us not forget that participation in elections is mandatory in many countries, which is why it is essential to keep an exhaustive control of the actions of each citizen , and that large families usually have special benefits, such as discounts and greater opportunities to get a home .

Regarding the origins of the civil registry , its most remote historical antecedents are found in the censuses that were carried out in some civilizations of the East . On the other hand, in the Roman Empire, around the 6th century BC. C., began to collect census data in the reign of Servio Tulio. Already in the second century, the norms of filiation were born and the registration of newborns became mandatory.
Later, in the Middle Ages , Catholicism boomed and expanded, giving the Catholic Church the power to control marriage and baptism; in the latter case, there was also a consignment issued specifically for registration. The oldest evidences of inscriptions in parish books date from the 14th century in central Italy (the regions of Lazio, Tuscany, Marche, Umbria, Molise and Abruzzo) and France.
Also in France, but in the year 1787, Louis XVI allowed free worship together with the creation of a civil registry in which the birth, marriage and death of its inhabitants had to be recorded in front of representatives of the royal justice . A century later, many more countries adopted civil registration, although in some cases its evolution was gradual and began as an institution exclusive to medium and large cities.

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