What is circumduction?

What Does circumduction Mean

It is called circumduction a movement circular type combining adduction , the abduction , the extension and flexion . In this way, the sector of the body that moves manages to draw the figure of a cone .

Few joints can perform the conical motion characteristic of circumduction. The shoulder and hip , for example, allow circumduction by allowing a wide circular path to be traced.
Circumduction can be said to be a set of movements . Within a joint socket, the bone moves to describe a circumference at its distal end. Because the base is the joint , circumduction creates a cone motion.

Take the case of shoulder circumduction . As we said above, circumduction implies adduction (the approach of the bone to the midline), abduction (the separation of the bone with respect to the midline), extension (one bone is stretched over another, increasing the existing angle between both) and flexion (one bone bends over another, minimizing the angle). All these movements in continuous form the circumduction that allows a person to draw circles with their arms.
The circumduction hip , meanwhile, covers movements take place about three axes. At its greatest amplitude, the axis of the lower limb traces a cone with an apex that is the center of the hip joint. Since the maximum amplitudes are not identical in all directions, the cone in question is irregular.
So far we have defined the technical aspects that arise from the mere observation of the body. In other words, our joints are capable of carrying out the movements that we have described and that, when acting together, give rise to circumduction. However, beyond its use in anatomy, knowing these questions also served to design a wide variety of physical exercises to complement the gymnastics routine and keep the different parts of the body healthy.
One of the several exercises that can be performed to work the body taking advantage of the circumduction focuses on the trunk . The first step is to tilt it to one side; in this case, let's start to the right. As the next movement, we must place our hands on the sides of the waist to carry out hyperextension , the extension of the torso backwards, so that our eyes point slightly upwards.

The third step is to lean the trunk to the opposite side, which in this example is the left. Always with the hands on the waist, we must carry out the opposite movement to hyperextension, which is simply called extension : it consists of rotating the torso forward, as if we wanted to bend down to pick something up from the ground. It is time for the last movement, which consists of returning to the starting position , to repeat the whole process a few times.
It is also possible to take advantage of neck circumduction to work your muscles. In this case we will have the following movements: we begin by flexing the neck, that is, bringing the head forward in a rotational movement that gently brings the chin closer to the neck; then we tilt it to the side; we extend it, that is, we move our head back, as if we wanted to look up at the sky; finally we tilt it to the opposite side, to continue repeating the steps until we decide to reverse the direction of rotation.
Note that all these movements can lead to different types of joint damage if we do not do them taking certain precautions , both in the limits and in the amount of repetitions. It is recommended to learn them from an expert before deciding to do them on our own.

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