What is chronic nephritis?

Glomerulonephritis, or chronic nephritis, is a kidney disease that damages the organ. Its cause can be due to a variety of factors, particularly problems with the immune system. However, the causes of this type of chronic kidney inflammation in individual cases are often unknown.

Although many different causes can be responsible for the onset of chronic nephritis, one of the most common causes is an allergic reaction to medicine. This type of allergic reaction can cause treatable and irreversible damage. Common over-the-counter medications, such as pain relievers, can cause this kidney failure. Prescription medications, such as those designed to fight cancer and depression, can also cause inflammation.

Too much calcium in the blood can cause chronic nephritis. The presence of other diseases in the body, such as chronic pyelonephritis, can also lead to the condition. As nephritis develops, it often spreads rapidly, often displaying multiple symptoms. Laboratory and imaging tests can be performed to properly identify the disease. Although the early stages can be treated with lifestyle changes and medications, if this disease progresses without treatment it can lead to death.

As the destruction of the capillaries that start the process of blood filamentation, or glomeruli, occurs, the kidneys begin to shrink. They shrink and thicken, causing normal kidney processes to stop. When this occurs, the patient may experience blood in her urine. He or she may retain the urea instead of properly releasing it as well.

Many other symptoms can appear during the attack of chronic nephritis, although they can be gradual. In addition to being bloody, the victim's urine may be foamy. Water retention from kidney failure often results in edema, or swelling, of the body. This often occurs on the face, although it also manifests itself on the legs, feet, and other areas of the body. Painful physical symptoms, such as abdominal discomfort and muscle aches, may also occur.

Several factors can increase the risk of developing chronic nephritis. People with a family history of diabetes or cancer are known to be at risk. People who are exposed to hydrocarbon solvents often also suffer from kidney damage. Another risk factor may be the frequent appearance of infections, such as streptococcus or viruses. Being a victim of other diseases, such as lupus nephritis or Goodpasture syndrome, also increases the risk.

In addition to chronic nephritis, the disease is known by several other names. Glomerular disease is a common description of the disease. Also called necrotizing glomerulonephritis, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, and crescent glomerulonephritis.

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