What is Child mortality?

What Does Child mortality Mean

The first thing we are going to do before entering fully into the meaning of the term infant mortality is to discover the etymological origin of the two words that give it shape:

-Mortality, first of all, it derives from Latin, specifically from "mortalitas", which can be translated as "mortality".

-Infant, secondly, it also comes from Latin. In his case of "infantilis", which means "related to babies" and which is the result of the sum of the following lexical components: the prefix "in-", which is used to indicate "negation"; the verb "fari", which is equivalent to "speak"; the “-nt-” component, which is used to indicate “agent”, and finally the suffix “-il”, which indicates “weakness” or “trait”.

The notion of mortality is often used with reference to the number of deaths that occur in a region during a given period , either due to a specific cause or in general.

Infantil , meanwhile, is an adjective that mentions that related to childhood (the first stage of life, which goes from birth to puberty).
With these ideas clear, it is easy to understand the concept of infant mortality . This is the name of the indicator that expresses the number of deaths of children up to 1 year of age every 1,000 live births .
Infant mortality is calculated up to the first year of life since this period is considered to be the most critical for people's subsistence . Once that time is over, the chances of survival grow exponentially.
Among the countries that are considered to have the highest infant mortality rates at the moment are India, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, China and even Ethiopia.
It is important to highlight that infant mortality is linked to free health services and the level of poverty . When the quality of health services is poor and / or when poverty is very marked, there is a higher infant mortality rate.
Also, among the most common diseases that cause the death of children are some such as pneumonia, malaria, diarrhea or what are infections contracted before or during childbirth.
It should be noted that if the death occurs before birth, it can be called abortion (up to week 20 of pregnancy) or fetal death (between week 20 and 28 approximately). In perinatal mortality , on the other hand, there are cases of deaths produced between 28 weeks of pregnancy and the first week of life. Neonatal mortality is also sometimes referred to if the death occurs between birth and 28 days.
Among the measures that are considered to be able to reduce infant mortality rates are the availability of safe water throughout the world, an improvement in the diet of children, greater and better sanitation conditions and even sanitary measures to to end or reduce cases of malaria and the other diseases mentioned.

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