What is cerebritis?

Cerebritis is an inflammation of the cerebrum, a structure within the brain that performs many important functions, including most of the things people associate with being human, such as memory and speech. People with cerebritis may experience symptoms such as slurred speech, confusion, nausea, and dizziness. Visual disturbances, mood swings, and memory problems are also common symptoms. Inflammation of the brain requires treatment as it can lead to damage to the brain, which can result in harm to the patient.


This condition could be the result of an infection caused by bacteria, viruses, or other organisms. Infections can occur when infectious agents enter the brain through the sinuses or as a result of trauma. Some pathogens are also able to cross the blood-brain barrier and enter the brain through the bloodstream even though the body has developed defenses specifically designed to prevent this.

Another cause of cerebritis is lupus, in which the body's immune system goes haywire and starts attacking it. Many lupus patients develop vasculitis, an inflammation of the blood vessels, which can occur in the brain. Sometimes other autoimmune disorders can also cause cerebritis. This condition is a recognized risk for people who have lupus, and those who develop neurological symptoms are usually encouraged to seek immediate treatment so that medical intervention can occur in a timely manner.


At first, cerebritis usually involves blockage of blood vessels and inflammation of brain tissues. If the inflammation is allowed to persist, necrosis can begin to appear because parts of the brain have no blood supply. In the case of an infection, an abscess may develop, and the infection may spread to areas of the brain that were not originally affected by cerebritis.


A neurologist may evaluate a patient who has suspicious symptoms and order medical imaging of the head to see if it provides information about what might be going on inside the brain. If tests reveal cerebritis, the doctor may prescribe treatments based on the cause and the patient's medical history. For infections, it is necessary to kill the organisms causing the infection. When inflammation is present, steroids may be used to reduce swelling. If the swelling seems to have increased to a dangerous level, surgery may be needed to relieve pressure on the brain. The formation of an abscess also requires surgery because the abscess will need to be drained.

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