What is biological Reserve?

What Does biological Reserve Mean

It is known to reserve an area guarded or preserved established to serve his time. What is reserved is protected so that it can be used in the future or in the event of any contingency.

The biology , meanwhile, is the natural science dedicated to examining the beginning, evolution and the particular characteristics of living things . Biologists analyze the peculiarities of individual organisms and of species as a whole.
A biological reserve , reserve or ecological reserve , based on the above definitions, is a protected space and kept in good preservation for the relevance has to flora and fauna and the ecosystem in general . The human being is in charge of managing the conservation of the environment and minimizing the impact of human activity.

Experts say Sri Lanka was the first nation to have such a reserve, when in the 3rd century BC the king ordered the protection of wildlife around Minhintale . In even more remote times, certain forests and mountains are believed to have been protected by religious beliefs.
In the case of Spain we find several biological reserves of great value and wealth. Among them, for example, the Doñana National and Natural Park stands out, which is located in Andalusia and more specifically between the provinces of Cádiz, Huelva and Seville.
It is part of the UNESCO World Heritage catalog and it must be emphasized that it receives its name from the former wife of the VI Duke of Medina-Sidonia, Doña Ana de Silva y Mendoza.
Its great biological wealth from the faunistic point of view is perhaps the most significant hallmark of this natural corner where more than three hundred species of birds can be admired. And it is that it becomes a place of breeding and passage of a multitude of birds from Europe and Africa.
All this without forgetting the beauty and value of its marshes or the existence on its grounds of the El Acebuche Breeding Center, which has as a clear objective the survival and captive breeding of the Iberian lynx, which until now is the feline that is in greater danger of extinction.
In Spain, in addition to this aforementioned park, another of equal importance must be highlighted, such as the biological reserve of the Sierras de Cazorla, Segura and Las Villas Natural Park. It is in the province of Jaén that it is located, which has the privilege of being the most protected natural area in the country and the second in Europe in this same sense.
The biological reserve known as Jaraguas , in the Dominican Republic , is an example of a biological reserve. It is made up of four national parks (Sierra de Bahoruco, Jaragua, Isla Cabritos and Lake Enriquillo) and has an area of ​​5,770 square kilometers.

There are reserves that protect the coastline and island territories, such as the Arvoredo Marine Biological Reserve in Brazil . This reserve, created in 1990, includes several islands and islets totaling 17,600 hectares.

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