What is bioclimatic floor?

What Does bioclimatic floor Mean

Floor is called the pavement of a region, a road, a room or other space, which can be natural or artificial. Bioclimatic , meanwhile, is an adjective that refers to what is linked to living beings and the climate.

The idea of ​​a bioclimatic floor , in this framework, refers to the space that seeks to take advantage of environmental conditions for the well-being or benefit of its users or inhabitants . These are units with different altitudinal locations that, due to this particularity, face different temperatures .
We owe this definition of the concept of the bioclimatic floor to Salvador Rivas Martínez , a scientist born in Spain in 1935 who holds a long list of academic titles, among which stand out professor, mycologist, biologist and botanist. His father, Salvador Rivas Goday , had similar interests, since he dedicated himself to medicine and also botany .

Rivas Martínez actively participates in the Royal Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences , which is public in nature and is dedicated to studying and researching various sciences , such as chemistry, physics, biology and mathematics. His passion for mountaineering has been essential in his work because it has allowed him to approach nature from various points of view often inaccessible to experts.
Bioclimatic floors, therefore, arise from an altitudinal stratification . The influence of temperatures and rainfall varies according to the territorial disposition and even changes during the year due to the change of the seasons .
You can easily see the existence of bioclimatic floors in the mountains , for example. The vegetation found at the base is not the same as in the middle or at the top , and this is due to thermal differences and how rainfall affects each of the areas.
The development of bioclimatic floors, in short, is due to ombroclimatic (rainfall) and thermoclimatic (temperatures) variations that arise from altitude . This produces modifications in ecosystems.
The alpine floor , the mesomediterranean floor , the montane floor and the oromediterranean floor are some of the bioclimatic floors that can be found. In all cases, the altitude is the determining factor for its delimitation, beyond other issues that affect its characteristics, such as latitude .

Although by studying the vegetation of all ecological gradients it is possible to notice zonations, these become more evident in the mountains. According to certain experts, the changes seen in the vegetation cover when ascending a mountain can be similar to that seen on a trip from Ecuador to a pole if the 100-meter sections are compared with those of 100 kilometers, in altitude. and latitude respectively; however, this is relative.
The most considerable changes are due to the decrease in temperature (which can be 0.65 degrees centigrade per hundred meters of altitude in an upward direction) and to variations in precipitation (which are less regular). At this point we must introduce a new concept: the vegetation floors , the way the aforementioned areas are called.
The relationship between these and the bioclimatic floors occurs because it is precisely in this way that the climatic ranges that determine the former are called. In regions whose vegetation levels are different but the phytoclimates are very similar, it is common to notice patterns that are repeated in relation to the zoning of the vegetation according to its altitude; something like this takes place in the Mediterranean and in California . Rivas Martínez wanted to establish a comparison between the limits of these floors and some values ​​of the climate .

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