What is belligerence?

What Does belligerence Mean

Belligerence is known as the condition of belligerent . This adjective (belligerent), in turn, refers to that or that which is combative or that is at war .

Belligerence, therefore, is the posture or attitude of someone who is willing to confront another in a violent conflict or is already participating in a military action . The term is often used to refer to countries or armed factions.
Take the case of a state administered by a party that seeks to impose its interests by force . The belligerence of the nation , in this framework, can be seen in the declarations of its leaders and in the policies implemented, which can range from the implementation of a plan to develop weapons of mass destruction to attacks on its neighbors.

Under international law , belligerent status is granted to states, national liberation movements, and insurgent groups that manage to function territorially as a conventional government. When belligerence is recognized, the actions of the protagonists are framed in a legal plane, generating rights and obligations.
This concept can be defined in various ways, since the context in which it is used is decisive both in its nature and in the consequences of the acts that are identified with its meaning.
Public international law, mentioned above, is a branch of the foreign public that focuses on the study and regulation of the behavior of international subjects, among which are the States, with the objective of cooperating with all of them and achieving peace. . In his interpretation of the term, he speaks of a nation or a political subject that is at war. For politics, on the other hand, the belligerents are the ones who stand out in a given social conflict.
In some sources we can find the concept of the law of war , used in the context of belligerence , and understood as the legal situation that involves several countries, of which a group (be it a nation, a power or another type) has the right to initiate an armed conflict against another group, which in this context is called the "enemy", provided that both sides have the same guarantees.
In greater depth, the law of war is found in the international and deals with the relations between those parties that are formally at war or in the midst of actual hostilities as part of a war that has not been declared. It is an extensive group of norms that are established in international treaties.
There are two main requirements for international law to consider a nation belligerent: to be subject to it; submit to the war. International law recognizes as subjects international organizations, States and individuals, among others, who are recipients of rights and obligations on their part.

If the conflict is of an international nature, it is usually the States and national liberation movements that obtain the status of belligerents. In the case of inmates, then insurgent groups, common participants in civil wars, can also receive it.
In colloquial language , the idea of ​​belligerence is linked to an aggressive or belligerent position . A belligerent company, to mention one possibility, tends to initiate legal cases against its competitors, carry out provocative marketing actions, and stand up to the authorities to defend its business or grow it.
A sports leader who verbally attacks a rival club through the media, to indicate another case, encourages belligerence. This person does not act responsibly or in accordance with his or her position, but rather incites violence .

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