# What is axial symmetry?

## What Does axial symmetry Mean

Symmetry , a concept that derives from the Latin symmetrĭa , refers to the correspondence that is recorded between the position, shape and size of the components of a whole. Axial , on the other hand, is that linked to an axis (the piece that acts as a support for something and that, in certain contexts, allows a certain object to rotate).

Axial symmetry is known as the symmetry that exists around an axis when all the half-planes taken from a given bisector exhibit the same characteristics.
To determine if there is axial symmetry, it is considered that the points that belong to a figure are coincident with the points that are part of another figure, taking the axis of symmetry (a line) as a reference . In this way, axial symmetry supposes a phenomenon similar to that which occurs when a mirror reflects an image.

With axial symmetry, symmetric figures have homologous points : point A of one figure is homologous to point A ' of the other figure; point B of one figure is homologous to point B ' of the other figure; etc. The distance that exists between the different points that belong to the original figure, on the other hand, is identical to the distance between the points that are in the symmetrical figure in question.
It is important to mention that the concept of axial symmetry is useful in the field of physics . When starting from data with axial symmetry, the solution for certain unknowns also has axial symmetry, a particularity that makes it possible to reduce the variables of the problem.
How to draw the axial symmetry of a polygon?
Although the fundamental theory of axial symmetry is not particularly complex, it is always convenient to put the knowledge into practice, to be able to internalize it more effectively. In this particular case, we have the advantage of its compatibility with drawing, something that most of us can do with some ease. Therefore, we will see below a series of steps to obtain a figure symmetrical to another.
First of all, it is necessary to draw a figure and determine the points that compose it . For this example we will be based on a polygon with four vertices (A, B, C and D), although the steps work for any other case. Having traced the polygon and properly defined its vertices , comes the most important step: establishing the position and orientation of the axis of symmetry.

Although in the simplest examples we are used to seeing axes of axial symmetry perpendicular to the ground, which offer us a figure next to the other, it is necessary to emphasize that the angle of said axis is indifferent. To understand this, we can think of the axis as a mirror that we want to use to reflect an object: it does not matter if we place it in front, behind or to the side of it, nor if we rotate it, since it will always do its job successfully. . In fact, the axis can pass through one of the points of the original figure, if we wanted a result in which both would touch.
Once we have drawn the axis of axial symmetry, we can begin to plot the points of the new figure. To do this, we must measure the distance of each of the original vertices and the axis, through a line perpendicular to it, and then travel that same distance to the other side of the axis until we find the homologous position . Since our figure has only four points, this is a relatively simple task.
Having the four homologous vertices, which we will call A ', B', C 'and D', it only remains to draw each of the corresponding sides.

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