What is art?

What Does art Mean

The art (from the Latin ars ) is the concept that encompasses all creations made by humans to express a sensitive vision about the world, whether real or imaginary. Through plastic, linguistic or sound resources, art allows to express ideas, emotions, perceptions and sensations.

History of art
The story indicates that, with the emergence of the Homo Sapiens , art had a role ritual and magical-religious , which was changing with the passing of time. In any case, the definition of art varies according to the time and the culture .
Abstract work of art made in acrylic
With the Italian Renaissance , at the end of the 15th century, a distinction began to be made between crafts and fine arts . The artisan is one who is dedicated to producing multiple works, while the artist is the creator of unique works.

It is precisely in the Italian Renaissance where we find one of the most important stages in the History of Art, both for the magnificent artists who worked on it and for the surprising works that they undertook and that today are praised throughout the world.
Thus, for example, we should highlight figures of the stature of Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Donatello, Titian or Raphael. And in terms of works we would highlight, for example, “La Gioconda”, “La Capilla Sistina”, “Gattamelata”, “Venus de Urbino” and “Los esposorios de la Virgen” respectively.
Group of people observing the Mona Lisa in the Louvre museum
Disciplines of art
The classification used in ancient Greece included six disciplines within art: architecture , dance , sculpture , music , painting, and poetry ( literature ). Later, the cinema began to be included as the seventh art. There are also those who name photography as the eighth art (although it is often claimed that it is an extension of painting) and comics as the ninth (its detractors indicate that it is, in fact, a bridge between painting and cinema) . The television , the fashion, advertising and video games are other disciplines that are sometimes considered artistic.

Outstanding works and monuments
In this sense, it should be noted that UNESCO is dedicated to cataloging those artistic works and monuments that have incalculable value and incomparable beauty. In this case we could speak, for example, of the Mosque of Córdoba, the Alhambra in Granada, the Cathedral of Seville or the Archaeological Site of Atapuerca.
However, all over the world there are monuments that receive this same cataloging. Among them are the Tiwanaku Temple in Bolivia, the Chiloé Churches in Chile, the historic center of Lima or the Castillo de San Pedro de la Roca in Santiago de Cuba.
And all this without forgetting the Royal Palaces of Abomey in Benin, Chichen Itza in Mexico, the Statue of Liberty in the United States, the necropolis of Egypt, the Church of the Nativity in Palestine or Durham Castle in the United Kingdom. .
With the passage of time, artistic creations tend to suffer significant deterioration. For this reason, the set of processes dedicated to the preservation of these cultural assets for the future is known as conservation and restoration of works of art .
In addition to all the above we have to emphasize that the term art is also used to refer to the skill or cunning that a person has to carry out a specific task.

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