What is architecture?

What Does architecture Mean

The architecture is the art and technique of designing and constructing buildings . The concept comes from the Latin architectura which, in turn, has its origin in Greek.

It can be said that architecture is responsible for modifying and altering the physical environment to meet the needs of human beings . Architects are not only in charge of developing constructions based on their shape and utility, but they also follow aesthetic precepts. For this reason, architecture is usually considered one of the fine arts.
At present, architecture is mainly associated with the design of spaces that serve as housing . The construction of houses and buildings is part of the most frequent activity of the architect, who must take into account a large number of precepts when developing his projects. The works must be erected safely and respecting environmental conditions.

On the other hand, architects also direct various projects that transcend the realm of housing, such as the construction of a factory, a shopping center, a school or a church.
According to the historical period , it is possible to speak of different types of architecture. The Gothic architecture , for example, had its heyday between the twelfth and fifteenth century, characterized by the structural lightness and lighting inside buildings. The Renaissance architecture (between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries) and the Baroque (from the seventeenth century to the XVIII) are two other examples of styles that have transpired.
Computer architecture
For computing , computer architecture encompasses the design, at the conceptual level, and the structure on which the operation of a system is based. In other words, it is the detailed diagram of the requirements and the operation of the various components of a computer, especially the central processing unit (also known as the CPU or CPU) and their interaction with the main memory.
Another definition that receives this concept is the way to choose and relate the different physical parts to build computers according to the requirements of performance, cost and functionality . It should be mentioned that a computer cannot be scored simply by observing the speeds and capabilities of its components, but rather a number of factors related to the purpose for which it was designed must be taken into account.
The architecture of a device is intimately related to the functions it is expected to carry out, and understanding it hides the true potential of the hardware. For example, if two game consoles are taken with the same amount of memory RAM and with processors equal number of cores and similar speeds, it is not correct to assume that these are two teams of equivalent power, since each can work in very different ways despite the similarity of their technical specifications.

The basic operation of a processor consists of performing a series of specific tasks and operations with the data stored in memory, to produce new information, which will be used later. For this, each processor has a set of instructions that it can understand and execute, which can be classified taking into account the following points:
* what operations can be carried out from the given instructions;

* how the operands are specified, what types they can have and what is their size;

* where each operand can be located. In some cases, they can all reside in memory, while in certain architectures it is possible to find them in the internal registers of the central unit ;

* how the memory address is specified, that is, what addressing modes are available.

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