What is anxiety?

What Does anxiety Mean

The concept of anxiety has its origin in the Latin term anxietas . It is the condition of a person experiencing shock, restlessness, nervousness, or worry . For medicine, anxiety is the distressing state that can appear together with a neurosis or another type of illness and that does not allow the patient to relax and rest.

For example: "I feel great anxiety about tonight's recital" , "Try to control your anxiety, that in that state of nervousness things can go wrong" , "Great anxiety about the semifinal match" .
It should be noted that anxiety is not always a pathology , but is a common emotion such as fear or happiness. Anxiety, in this sense, is necessary to survive in the face of certain risks since it puts the person on alert.

When an individual is in a state of anxiety, their powers of perception increase since there is a need for the body to increase the level of certain elements that, in the face of the situation, are below normal.
The dopaminergic system is responsible for alerting the body to what it needs, releasing signals to the central nervous system. It does it when we are hungry, thirsty or sleepy, and it leads us to seek all means to satisfy that need. Likewise, it is in charge of releasing adrenaline when we are facing situations that we must face. It is a chain consisting of: 1) Yellow alert, 2) Red alert and 3) achievement of the objective; When the chain is broken, a situation of atypical anxiety or stress occurs that can lead to the resolution of danger or to succumb to fear. In other words, when this innate ability of the individual becomes pathological , an anxiety disorder appears .
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) , these disorders include panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and phobias. To overcome anxiety disorders, professionals can provide anti-anxiety remedies or suggest psychological therapies.
Anxiety as a Disorder
The responses that anxiety generates in a person are: flee or fight . In ancient times these mechanisms arose when having to face the difficulties that life in nature presented to them; Although these problems no longer exist today, new ones have emerged that generate stress and anxiety in people. The danger is sometimes real, but other times it is conditioned by the experiences that each individual has had to face previously; the latter occurs, for example, in anxiety disorders. Fear works as a defense mechanism, but if the response to which it leads is harmful to the individual, it is essential to dare to face it.
When fear comes to generate paralysis in the actions of the individual, it is called a phobia , it is a sudden reaction where the subject loses control of the situation, in those situations the person tries to flee from the conflict. Some phobias can be: acrophobia , claustrophobia or agarphobia .

A person who suffers from a phobia, witnesses the appearance of the disease when he must face that dreaded situation and this, generally, instigates the subject to flee (anxiety symptoms and avoidance behaviors). In obsessive compulsive disorders the appearance of it is perceived when the individual struggles to prevail against his obsessive impulses ; generally the reaction is also to flee the conflict (self-harm or taking an attitude that is harmful to oneself or to the environment). Another circumstance in which this dreaded reaction occurs is together with separation anxiety disorders , when the separation of the paternal figures and the subsequent instability have been experienced.
According to studies carried out by psychiatrists, a certain degree of anxiety is good, it contributes positively to the formation of character , it allows to expand knowledge and reinforce creativity, since the experiences that have marked us allow us to have a notion of what we must protect ourselves from. and discern what things cannot harm us.
There are many ways to treat anxiety , some specialists are inclined to reduce it to fear of the future, to the possibilities that we do not know that may occur, the "what if ...", and they assure that the way to solve it is by achieving a recoding of these thoughts that help the individual only live in the present. Anxiety exists because people live in the future and forget about the present, which is the only real thing, and the moment the patient manages to come back to life, the anxiety disappears.

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