What is anticlericalism?

What Does anticlericalism Mean

Anticlericalism is called the movement that opposes clericalism : that is, the exaggerated power of the clergy (the group of priests or clergy) in politics or even in the day-to-day life of the Church. It is also known as anticlericalism to animosity against everything related to the clergy .

Anti-clericalism rejects religious influence on political issues and on social life in general. Its doctrine has different scopes or objectives, according to each group and the time.
There is an anticlericalism that criticizes the exaggerated size of the clergy and the abuses committed by its members, although it does not reject that the Church has interference in society and in the State. In this case, we speak of believing anticlericalism or Christian anticlericalism , according to the name proposed by the Spanish essayist, anthropologist and historian Julio Caro Baroja .

Another kind of anticlericalism, which emerged with the Enlightenment in the 18th century , questions the clergy from a rationalist position. The so-called unbelieving anticlericalism or contemporary anticlericalism holds that clergymen represent an impediment to progress.
The atheist Anticlericalism or antirreligioso Anticlericalism , meanwhile, is more extreme. Its promoters attack the beliefs, dogmas, scriptures and rituals of religion .
At a general level, it can be said that anticlericalism is associated with secularization and secularism . It is important to mention that the anticlerical position, with different nuances, appears in different ideologies and movements, such as communism , anarchism and liberalism . Therefore its principles can be integrated into various political factions.

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