What is anthroponym?

What Does anthroponym Mean

An anthroponym is a proper name of an individual . The concept of anthroponymy refers to all these names and their study.

Anthroponyms are words that allow us to designate a particular human being . All the people inserted in a society need an identification with an element of this type, which allows them to be distinguished.
Depending on the period of history and culture, the characteristics of anthroponyms vary. In ancient societies, it was enough to use a single anthroponym , which could even carry a symbolic or descriptive meaning. Currently, it is usual to combine at least two anthroponyms: one or two first names (the first name and the second name) and a family name (the last name).

In this way, the fact that a human being has several anthroponyms helps to facilitate unequivocal identification . It must be taken into account that the number of anthroponyms is limited , with which repetitions occur. This can even happen even if three or more anthroponyms are used: Juan Carlos Pérez Martínez , for example , is a series of four anthroponyms that refers to many different subjects.
According to Genesis , the first book of the Bible , Adam was the anthroponym who named the first human. This name of Hebrew origin refers to the "Man of the earth" or "Man of the red earth" . From then on, multiple anthroponyms began to emerge and develop, many of which have an uncertain origin.
In Ancient Rome , to mention one case, children used to be named with numbers: Sextus , Octavius , etc. With Christianity, anthroponyms related to moral values, sacraments, liturgies and dogmas , such as Hope , Glory or Consuelo, became common . The patronyms , meanwhile, are anthroponyms that designate lineage or filiation (like González , derived from Gonzalo ).
In a curious way, in close contact with other people we never use more than one anthroponym, which in some cases is an affectionate nickname , a diminutive of their first name or a word that refers to some very distinctive characteristic of them. Throughout the same day, the same woman named Paloma, for example, can be called "Palomita", "Palo", "bonita", "divine" and in many other ways.
It is also possible to use terms that, jokingly or not, describe a trait of their way of being or just the opposite. If a boy named Marcos is very lazy and a friend says "Hey, you employee of the month, come here!" , this is a mild way of negatively criticizing their inactivity. On the other hand, if you really were a worker and called him that way, it could have a completely opposite sense , even admiration.

The main point is that we do not usually use anthroponyms to address our loved ones unless one of two situations occurs, among others: their first name does not have an easy to pronounce or well-known diminutive ; let's be angry with them. It is very interesting that this kind of terms devised to organize societies and allow us to enjoy a series of benefits thanks to the possession of an identity document can also serve to express anger.
Another of the uses of the anthroponym is the formation of a lineage , as anticipated above when speaking of the surname González . In our language and today we no longer use it in this exact way, since millions of people carry the same surname regardless of their parents' names, but at least it serves to recognize that certain groups "have the same blood." In this framework, it is possible to speak of «the Gonzálezes» to refer to all the members of the same family.

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