What is antecedent?

What Does antecedent Mean

Antecedent is a term that comes from a Latin word and serves to refer to that which precedes (which appears before something else in time , order or place).

This term can be used to talk about a circumstance or action that serves as a reference to more accurately understand a later event. For example: "The closest antecedent of such a defeat dates back to 1984, when the team fell by 6 to 0" , "There was no antecedent of violence that would suggest such conduct" , "The National Novel Award that he obtained in 2007 is the best precedent for this writer who has surprised with his new book ” .

In the field of law , it is known under this name the circumstance in which someone has been convicted or criminally prosecuted before . The antecedents, which can be taken into account as aggravating factors in the face of a new criminal act, are recorded in police files or in another type of registry: "The detainee for the teacher's crime has a rich history" , "A man with a criminal record police officers were caught while trying to enter the government house without authorization ” , “ Enrique has a record and cannot get a job ” .
The police or criminal record is recorded every time a person is arrested or tried for a crime, no matter how large it may be. In the event that the file has simply been opened but the person has not been convicted of the crime, after a certain amount of time, it is possible that said file will be cleaned, eliminating those records . To carry out this procedure, it is necessary to be aware of the laws of the country in which the crimes were committed and the rules that exist to carry out said cancellation; It is worth mentioning that in many states it is not possible to carry out this purification, so once a criminological file has been opened to you, it will be archived for life.
It is normal that before a person is hired by a company, they are asked to carry the document issued by the national police in which it is evidenced that they have no antecedents , that is, there are no records of those who committed crimes , that is say you have a clean record, or, without blemishes. This document is essential to carry out certain procedures such as getting married, traveling abroad or requesting certain permits.
In logic this term is also used to refer to the first proposition of an entinema. It is worth mentioning that a syllogism that lacks one of its premises is known as entinema because it is implicit in the statement.

On the other hand, in mathematics the first term of a ratio is called that way . The ratio between two consecutive terms of the sequence is known as the ratio.
The term in grammar
There is also this concept in grammar and it refers to the noun or the previous nominal expression to which some pronoun refers : In the sentence “The record that I bought is excellent” , the antecedent of the relative pronoun “that” is the noun phrase “ the disk ” .
This word is often immersed in redundant expressions , the most common being "prior antecedent." As the prior condition is implicit in the concept of antecedent, it is not necessary and it is absolutely incorrect to join both concepts in the same sentence. In this way, the following sentence "She was tried and sentenced to two years in prison, which she could avoid because she had no prior record," should have simply been written, "She was tried and sentenced to two years in prison, which she could avoid because she had no prior record. ».

Go up