What is anhedonia?

What Does anhedonia Mean

Anhedonia , a notion that comes from the French word anhédonie , is a term used in the field of psychology to refer to the lack of ability to experience pleasure . Anhedonia, in this way, is associated with the lack of satisfaction in the activities that are carried out.

We have to establish that anhedonia is a neologism that was coined in the last bars of the 19th century, specifically in 1896, by the French psychologist Théodule A. Ribot. More exactly, he used it for the first time in his work entitled "Psychology of feelings."
That gave it shape by making use of certain Greek components such as the following:

-The prefix “an-”, which can be used to indicate negation.

-The noun “hedoné”, which can be translated as “pleasure”.

-The suffix "-ia", which is used to establish a quality.

It can be said that anhedonia is a classic symptom of depression : the person no longer finds positive elements in actions that, in general, were pleasant to him. Beyond depression, anhedonia also appears in schizoid personality disorder and certain types of dementia .
There are several causes that can cause anhedonia in a person. Among those are from depression to drugs, schizophrenia or even that the brain interrupts the production of dopamine, which is responsible for the human being to have pleasant sensations.
In order to make the diagnosis of anhedonia, it must be established that there is what has been called Chapman scales. There are two types of questionnaires that come to diagnose this disorder and even the degree of it or the causes that may be generating it.
We can determine that these scales are based on questions related to the capacities of the individual to have satisfaction at a social level, the possibility of suffering from schizophrenia or depression ...
Also, it should be noted that there is no single treatment for anhedonia. Specifically, based on the causes that have originated it, the psychologist will proceed to determine one or the other.
Experts usually distinguish between two phases of anhedonia. That linked to dissatisfaction with the result of an action (that is, the enjoyment it provides) is called consummatory anhedonia . The motivational anhedonia , meanwhile, is associated with lack of motivation to develop the action in question.
It is also possible to differentiate between physical anhedonia and social anhedonia . Physical anhedonia arises from the lack of pleasure in the face of typical physical stimuli: the individual does not enjoy sexual relations or food, for example. Social anhedonia, on the other hand, is related to the absence of enjoyment in the bonds with other people , as in a conversation.
Anhedonia, in short, is due to a lack of reaction or response of the subject to positive stimuli . The human being blocks the normal reception of these stimuli and, in this way, he cannot feel the pleasure that they should provide him and that he even previously experienced.

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