What is anamnesis?

What Does anamnesis Mean

The concept of anamnesis is linked, according to its etymological root found in the Greek language, to a memory or a reminiscence . In its broadest sense, the anamnesis consists of the rescue of data that were recorded in the past, bringing the information to the present .

From this meaning, the anamnesis appears in different areas. In the field of medicine , it is the information that a patient provides to his doctor for the preparation of a clinical history .
The development of the anamnesis requires that the doctor ask various questions of the patient, or even a relative or friend of the patient. From the answers obtained, the professional manages to develop a history with data that are useful to make the diagnosis and decide what treatment to carry out.

The anamnesis also consists of the signs that the doctor detects when examining the patient and the symptoms that the patient refers to. It is important to note that the characteristics of the questions and the information collected will depend on the specialty of the professional.
A psychiatrist, for example, will not look for the same history as a gastroenterologist. While the former may collect data on the patient's childhood or behavior , the latter will be interested in his diet and how the digestive process develops.
Anyway, we can say that roughly the list of data that the doctor seeks to collect through the anamnesis is the following:
* Personal : although it seems obvious and little related to the health sciences, it is important for the professional to have a cultural framework in which to place their patients to give them the best indications in each case. Some of the specific data within this category are name and surname, document number, age, race, marital status, occupation, address, level of education, telephone number and person of reference;
* reason for the consultation : this is expressed at the beginning of the meeting, and it is about the moment in which the patient exposes pain, an annoyance, the suspicion of having a particular disease, or tells the doctor the specific reasons for your visit if you have been referred by another professional (for example, when someone goes to a surgeon's office because a clinician recommended that they have a cyst removed);
* current disease : this point of the anamnesis is related to the previous one, or is deduced from it, since if the patient is in the middle of treatment for a particular disease , the doctor must record this and make notes such as the state of evolution and the names of the drugs you are taking;

* personal history : if you have suffered from any illness, if you have an allergy to certain medications or if you have received surgical interventions, for example;
* Family history : this is where the relevant illnesses suffered by the parents enter;
* review by systems : this part of the anamnesis arises from a physical examination that the doctor performs on the patient. It is called cephalo-caudal , since it begins at the head and descends, and is composed of four well-defined parts, which are inspection , palpation , percussion and auscultation .
In the field of religion , the anamnesis is linked to the act of remembrance that takes place during the Eucharist . In the Christian masses, this moment of the celebration leads to remembering the Last Supper of Jesus Christ and repeating the words that were recorded in the Bible . In the Gospel of Saint Luke we find the quotation of Jesus "do this in memory of me", and thus the Christian religion celebrates his passion, his resurrection and his ascension.

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