What is an enzyme cleaner?

In the domestic sphere, when someone talks about enzymatic cleaners, they are referring to a type of biodegradable and non-toxic cleaning agent that uses natural enzymes to dissolve stains. These cleaning agents are not limited to a certain type of product but can be found in various household cleaning and personal hygiene products, such as laundry detergents, carpet cleaners or contact lens fluids.

The popularity of enzymatic cleaners is due to their ability to soften solids, remove stains and other residues by action of natural enzymes. The enzymes most commonly used in enzymatic cleaners are produced by bacteria of the genus Bacillus. In addition to these, they are also widely used proteases and amylases. The lipases they are also incorporated into formulations of some detergents. Each of these enzymes acts differently. Proteases fight stains caused by protein substances, amylase acts against starch and other carbohydrates while lipases act against stains caused by fatty substances.

Many laundry detergents include enzymes in their formulation to help remove blood, grease, and other tough stains. The amount of enzymes used can vary considerably from brand to brand. Enzymatic cleaners tend to act faster on stains of organic origin than regular chemical cleaners and also tend to show better action at lower temperatures, which means significant savings in electricity in machine washes.

Enzymes can increase the speed of the chemical reactions that occur to break down the substances that produce certain stains while remaining independent of these reactions once they have started. This gives them the ability to continue acting on other areas of the stain, or other stains, which gives them a high efficiency as cleaning agents. In fact, an individual enzyme can continue to act much longer than a chemical detergent.

Cleaners that use only enzymes in their formula are a ecological and environmentally friendly alternative. They are also cleaners generally suitable for people with high sensitivity to chemicals used in traditional cleaners.

When choosing an enzymatic cleaner, you have to pay close attention to the amount of enzymes it incorporates. Many cleaners contain enzymes in their formulation, and while a small amount of enzymes can have a big impact on cleaning power, higher amounts often translate into greater benefits. It is also important to choose cleaners with those types of enzymes that are most suitable for the objects and/or stains to be treated.

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