What is an Analysis?
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What Does Analysis Mean
We explain what an analysis is, the types that exist and what each one consists of. Also, some examples of this observation process.
What is an analysis?
The meaning of the word analysis is noted by observing its origin, which goes back to the Greek análysi s , composed of ana ("above" or "completely") and lisys ("dissolution", "rupture"): analyze is to observe something entirely dissolved in its smallest components .
This dissolution is not literal, clearly, but rather seeks to convey an idea of a thorough, meticulous review, whether of an object, topic or theme, considering even the tiniest of details.
The analytical capacity of the human being is one of his greatest talents , which has allowed him to distinguish and verify many of the rules that govern the functioning of the universe , both on a large and small scale, and even in areas that are not possible to observe directly.
Ideally, conclusions are obtained from each analysis carried out , as well as clues for future analyzes of greater depth and scope. Depending on the field of knowledge to which they belong, they may be done using specialized instruments , or through the use of the mental faculties only.
See also: Diagnosis
In principle, we will distinguish the following types of analysis according to their nature:
- Structural analysis. As its name indicates, it focuses on the structure of the analyzed, that is, its external area, taking into account the parameters and measures that determine the result.
- Exhaustive analysis. It is the analysis methodology that dismembers or breaks down what has been analyzed to be able to analyze each of its components separately, tending to the minimum, to the totality, until the available options are exhausted.
- Formal analysis. It refers to the revision of the form, the whole, rather than the content and the particular.
- Theoretical or conceptual analysis. As its name indicates, analysis of the fundamental concepts or base, equivalent to a theoretical analysis.
- Experimental analysis. Just the opposite of the previous case: seeing is believing. An experiment is nothing more than the reproduction of a natural phenomenon in a laboratory, under controlled conditions.
- Quantitative analysis. One that takes into account mainly (or only) quantity, proportion , volume , etc.
- Qualitative analysis. One who takes into account quality, not quantity, that is, the nature of things, not their accumulation in categories.
Some possible examples of analysis are:
- Chemical analysis. By means of laboratory techniques and specialized instruments, chemical analysis proposes the understanding of matter from its elementary particles , as well as the reactions that occur or may occur between them.
- The artistic analysis. Fundamentally interpretive, artistic analysis makes use of great gifts of subjectivity, so that it is not precisely scientific knowledge , so much as interpretive knowledge.
- The clinical analysis. In medicine, clinical analyzes are experiments or probes carried out with the patient's body to determine the source of his discomfort and to remedy it, if possible.
- In discourse analysis. One of the most specialized aspects of Linguistics , it systematically studies verbal language and especially oral and written discourse .
- Financial analysis. It held annually by the companies and services of investment , it is exhaustive balances of goods and money, debt and assets, to determine the overall state of the finances of the organization .