What is amendment?

What Does amendment Mean

The first meaning of the term amendment mentioned by the Royal Spanish Academy ( RAE ) in its dictionary refers to the act and the result of amending . This verb (to amend), on the other hand, refers to repairing a fault or solving a fault.

The most common use of the concept is linked to a proposal that seeks to modify an official document . This is generally a proposal to replace or alter a law or bill , although it can also address a change in an international treaty or even a constitution .
An amendment is usually processed or treated in the same way as the document it is intended to amend. In this framework, the amendment can be approved or rejected: when the amendment is approved, the change in the text that it was seeking to amend is specified. This means that the amended text has the same normative status as the previous one.

The Constitution of the United States , for example, incorporated various amendments throughout history . These amendments, to enter into force, were approved by the US Congress .
The second amendment , proposed in 1789 and approved in 1791 , is one of the best known. This amendment recognizes in the US Constitution the right of all citizens to have weapons .
In the field of agriculture , it is known as an amendment to the substances that are applied to the land to increase its productivity and improve its properties . Amendments can be fertilizers or products that help promote water retention or optimize pH, to name two possibilities.
The first five amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America
Amendment I
Congress cannot legislate in reference to the imposition of a religion or prohibit any citizen from freely exercising his or her own. Nor can it hinder free expression (this includes the work of journalists) or restrict the right of the people to come together in peace to demand that the government redress certain wrongs.
Amendment II
Since the state needs a properly ordered militia to protect its own security, citizens have the right to own and bear arms .
Amendment III
During a time of peace, the military does not have the right to stay in a private house without the owner's permission; In wartime, you must follow the directions prescribed by law.

Amendment IV
The people have the right to security , and this includes respect for their house, its documents and effects against any arbitrary seizure. This right is inviolable and will only be ignored if there is probable cause that has been corroborated by means of a Solemn Declaration or Oath, where the site that will be searched and the people or objects that will be detained or seized must be described in great detail. .
Amendment V
No individual can be detained for a crime punishable by death without a Grand Jury having formulated an accusation or indictment, except in situations in which they take place in the Militia, naval forces or terrestrial, if they are in full service in time of war. Similarly, the same subject cannot be subjected twice to the danger of receiving physical harm or even losing his life for the same crime.
Amendment V also indicates that no one can be compelled to testify against himself in a criminal trial, or deprived of his liberty, property or life without having been subjected to said judicial process. Another right that guarantees the American people is to keep their private property unless it is compensated fairly, provided that the utility that is given is for the protection of the public good.

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