What is agroindustry?

What Does agroindustry Mean

The notion of agribusiness refers to the group formed by the different industries that are linked to agriculture . To understand what agribusiness is, therefore, we must first be clear about what the concepts of industry and agriculture refer to.

Industry is made up of the infrastructure and the different material and human resources that allow the transformation and processing of natural raw materials. Agriculture, for its part, consists of the activities carried out to till and cultivate the land in order to obtain these raw materials .

Agribusiness, therefore, it is an economic sector that includes activities related to produce, process and market products of agricultural type. In the broadest sense, agribusiness can be divided into food (it transforms raw materials into food with different formats and properties) and non-food (raw materials are used for different industrial processes that are not linked to food).
In addition to all the above, we cannot ignore the fact that agribusiness can be classified into other groups. Thus, for example, if we start from what the raw materials themselves are, we come across the agroindustries that are suppliers of these and those that are directly consumers of them.
In the same way, if we use as a criterion or parameter the destination of the products that they are responsible for offering, we find two differentiated types:

-Agro-industries that are oriented towards what is export. Within these we must also point out a subdivision, since they can be classified into two: those that export what are traditional products and those that do the same with products that are not traditional.

-The agroindustries that are focused on what is the internal market. In this case, we come across those that offer basic products and those that do the same but with products that are not considered basic.
An example of agribusiness is found in the production of beef for human consumption . The process can include everything from raising cows in a field to producing hamburgers that are sold frozen, passing through the slaughterhouse, obtaining the meat itself, processing, packaging and cold storage.
In the same way, we have to emphasize that, in recent years, in certain corners of Spain there has been a considerable increase in the number of agro-industries that specialize in the manufacture of Iberian sausages from the meat of the pigs that are raised following the highest quality mark.
The production of preserves and jams, the pasteurization of milk, the production of concentrated fruit juices, the obtaining of fish meal and the manufacture of olive oil are just some of the processes that can be developed within the framework of an agro-industry.

Agribusiness is so important that in some countries, within their governments, there are specialized ministries in it. This would be the case, for example, in Argentina.

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