What is adhocracy?

What Does adhocracy Mean

Adhoracia is a concept that is not part of the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy ( RAE ). The term, however, is usually used with reference to the lack of a hierarchical order or of regulations that regulate the operation of an entity .

The concept derives from the ad hoc Latin phrase , which can be translated as "for this" and which refers to what is done for a specific purpose. In an adhocracy, there is no authority that makes decisions and regulates what is carried out, but all members can decide and act at the moment.
Due to these characteristics, the adhocracy is the opposite of the bureaucracy , where all steps are regulated and there is a chain of command. For some specialists in organizations, there is a trend towards the development of adhocracies, at least for the creation of temporary projects.

In addition to all the above, we cannot ignore other equally relevant data about adhocracy, such as the following:

-The term was coined by Warren Bennis at the end of the 1960s. More exactly, it was in 1968 when This term appeared for the first time, it did so in his book "The temporal society."

-Among the set of characteristics that a company where the adhocracy works has, these stand out: they have employees specialized in very specific areas based on their knowledge and skills; there is a marked selective decentralization, defined roles are established ...
The implementation of an adhocracy requires the integration and permanent adaptation of the members of the organization . Collaboration between people is essential for the objectives to be met, since changes are constant and there is no authority that dictates how to act.
In addition to all the above, the adhocracy has a large number of people for and against as the basis of different organizations and entities. Those who support it do not hesitate to do so, based on the fact that it allows them to enjoy the following advantages:

-It makes employees much more motivated, since they carry out tasks based on their abilities.

-It may happen that workers feel part of the organization as such, because there are no hierarchies, and they are aware that everyone's work is what will create success.

-Betting for flexibility and the ability to know how to react to changes that may occur.
On the other hand, those who criticize it do so because they consider that it brings with it the following disadvantages:

- Risks and dangers are not properly managed.

-It can generate frustration in employees when faced with a problem or setback there is no structure to solve it.
Suppose that three nongovernmental organizations that defend ecology decide to work together to try to stop a mining project. The directors of these NGOs agree to form a special working group with two representatives from each of the entities. The six people, in this way, constitute an adhocracy since they all have the same power and decide equally as events unfold.

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