What is acetone?

What Does acetone Mean

Acetone is called a liquid that is part of the set of ketones : organic compounds that have a functional group of the carbonyl type linked to a pair of carbon atoms. This colorless liquid is often used as a solvent and in the production of different elements.

Acetone has a particular aroma and a sweet taste. It is a volatile compound, which evaporates easily. Acetone is soluble in contact with water and, on the other hand, it is flammable.
For the industrial manufacture of acetone, it is common to use a process that involves hydrolysis and that makes it possible to produce, as a co-product, another substance called phenol .

The people with diabetes and other diseases often have acetone in your urine. This is because, as the cells do not have the necessary amount of insulin , the body cannot transform glucose into energy and uses fat for this purpose. Thus acetone appears in the blood and then reaches the urine.
The nature , moreover, acetone occurs in various plants. Volcano fumes and smoke from forest fires and tobacco are other sources of acetone.
Acetone, on the other hand, can be used to produce nail polish removers since, due to its characteristics, it allows the nail polish to be easily removed from the nails. Also due to its properties, this chemical compound is used to make stain removers. Various medicines and plastics are other products that include acetone among their components.
Risks of contact with acetone
Human health can be compromised by exposure to acetone, and this can occur in a number of ways, including the following:
* through respiration, since low levels of acetone may exist in the environment without our knowledge;
* also inhaling it, but at high levels, something that can happen in factories or when using certain chemical products such as paint, nail polish and household hygiene items;
* ingesting food, drinking liquids or directly touching any product that contains acetone;
* In the case of children, often dirt or sand in their mouths while playing in public parks, and this can lead to consuming acetone unintentionally, especially if they are in the vicinity of a landfill of toxic waste;

* through tobacco smoke, either directly or indirectly.
Taking into account the situations in which we can come into contact with acetone, let's see how this compound affects our health. After exposure to acetone, it reaches the blood, the medium that transports it to all our organs . If we breathe moderate to high levels, even for a short time, some of the following symptoms may appear :
* damage to the respiratory system and eyes;
* dizziness, trouble thinking clearly, and headaches;
* increased heart rate;
* vomiting or nausea;
* loss of consciousness with risk of coma;
* Women can suffer the alteration of their menstrual cycle, more precisely that the duration of it is shortened. Also, if the exposure is very long and the levels are very high, you increase the chances of birth defects in your future children.
Similarly, after ingesting acetone orally, similar symptoms may occur, including lesions on the skin of the mouth. It is important to note that there are certain signs of the presence of acetone in the air, which can help us get away from a place with excessive levels: burning eyes and irritation of the nasal passages are two clear examples.

Go up