What is accusation?

What Does accusation Mean

The Latin word accusatĭo arrived in Castilian as an accusation . It is about the act of accusing : pointing out a person as responsible for a certain fault. In the field of law , the accusation involves imputing a crime to an individual .

It can be said that the accusation is one of the necessary steps that must be taken in a judicial process to reach a conviction . The accusation against a subject must be made before the corresponding authority that, after the trial, will determine whether the accused is guilty or innocent. If, based on the evidence gathered, the authority determines that the person is guilty, it will apply the punishment detailed by law (an economic sanction, confinement in jail, etc.).

Under the magnifying glass of the justice system, the prosecution is not an indivisible element, but is made up of several components; Although each author can understand this structure with different nuances, among the key points are the following: the data that identify the different parts; the description of the facts, which must meet a series of requirements, such as precision and conciseness; the classification of the crime, essential to start the rest of the legal procedures.
On the other hand, there is the concept of false accusation , which is also known by the name of false accusation , and it is a crime that consists of imputing the carrying out of a crime or offense to one or more persons in front of the competent authority, being aware of missing the truth . In other words, this occurs when we make sure to the police that someone has acted illegally despite knowing that this is not true.
Although it may seem something occasional, the crime of false accusation is very frequent; In Spain, for example, more than 900 cases of this type were registered only in the first third of 2013 . The judicial authority that carries out the prosecution of this crime must issue a firm judicial resolution of file or dismissal; In other words, once it evaluates the complaint , the evidence that the complainant has presented and the statements of both parties, it must interrupt its action when it understands that there is not enough evidence to support the veracity of the facts.
The accusation can also be understood as the request that an individual or a group of people make to obtain a conviction of the accused, for which they provide the evidence that allows demonstrating that the accused is not innocent (that is, refuting the principle of presumption of innocence ). The group formed by those who accuse is also known as an accusation. For example: "The prosecution requested nine years in prison for the defendant" , "Now the court must consider the prosecution's claim . "

In colloquial language, the idea of accusation is used with reference to the action that involves blaming someone for something : “I don't understand your accusation! I never said anything to Cristian " , " I have already heard the accusation from dad, but I swear to you that I did not take the money " , " I am tired of the accusations, I am going to resign . "
While in the legal field an accusation is an absolutely normal procedure and, in fact, necessary for other complementary processes to come into operation, in everyday life it is not something cold and technical, but an action that can have consequences for emotional level. For example, when a person accuses someone in whom they have great confidence of having stolen an asset, they take a step that they can regret for the rest of their life if their accusation turns out to be unfounded, since the relationship can be broken forever because of of it.

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