What is absolute pitch?

What Does absolute pitch Mean

The first step that we are going to take in order to know the meaning of the term absolute pitch is to discover the etymological origin of the two words that give it its shape:

-Heard, on the one hand, derives from Latin, specifically from “auditus”, which can be translated as “Listened” and that, in turn, comes from the verb “audire”, which is synonymous with “listen”.

-Absolute, on the other hand, also emanates from Latin. In your case, from the word “absolutus”, which is the result of the sum of two lexical components: the prefix “ab-”, which is used to indicate “separation” or “deprivation”, and the word “solutus”, which is equivalent to "loose".

The absolute pitch is a hearing capacity . This is the name of the ability to recognize the height of a tone without appealing to a previous reference .
It should be noted that hearing is the meaning that enables the perception of sounds . A person with absolute pitch is one who can identify any note without resorting to another referential note. It also has the possibility of producing a specific note singing despite not having references.

In practice, those with absolute pitch listen to a sound , generated by a musical instrument or any other element, and they know what note it sounds on. They also detect the tonality of songs.
Thanks to these faculties, individuals with absolute pitch have advantages when composing or executing musical compositions . Absolute pitch allows the artist to instantly detect if an instrument is out of tune, to mention one possibility. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart , Miles Davis , Ray Charles , Stevie Wonder , Michael Jackson , Freddie Mercury and Charly García are some of the musicians with this particularity.
In addition, it is necessary to know that there are three types of absolute ears: the active one, which makes a person sing a note without having any reference note; the passive, which allows you to identify an individual note; and the very fine. This leads the person to recognize a note even if it is slightly lower or higher.
Regarding the origin of absolute pitch, there are experts who attribute a genetic cause to it , linking it to the size of the auditory cortex. Other scholars, on the other hand, believe that absolute pitch can be forged if the human being is trained since childhood, especially in the stage of language development .
As the debate continues, it can be pointed out that there is likely a combination of both factors: genetics and environment . Possibly absolute pitch is a consequence of an innate predisposition accompanied by adequate stimulation.
It is important to differentiate absolute pitch from relative pitch. This term refers not only to the skill that musicians have to be able to identify what are the intervals between some notes but also to the resource that many singers use to adequately interpret a melody using or continuing what is known as notation musical.

In the same way, it must be emphasized that if absolute pitch is a quality or skill that only some people have, relative hearing is very common among people who are dedicated to the world of music.

Go up