What is a meadow?

What Does meadow Mean

We explain what a meadow is, the types of meadow that there are and their different climates. In addition, how is the flora and fauna that it has.

About a quarter of the Earth's surface features this grassland biome.

What is a meadow?

A meadow is a set of meadows that are, according to the climatic conditions of this biome , between a desert climate and a wooded one, since in the prairies there is little rainfall as in the desert climate, but it does have more vegetation than this.

Grasslands are open, flat terrain found in the central part of several continents . In some cases, the same meadow extends to a coastal area, emptying into a sea or ocean . The prairie is one of the areas most exploited and modified by the action of man for economic benefit through the sowing of corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, among many other crops. This biome has different names depending on where it is located: in the United States they are called “ prairies ”; in South America it is called “ pampa ”; in central Eurasia they are called “ steppes ” and in Africa they are called “ savanna ”. Despite their name, they all share a characteristic that makes them meadows: grass is their most abundant vegetation .

Finally, it is important to note that about a quarter of the Earth's surface has this grassland biome. See also: Tundra

Types of grasslands

Tropical grasslands have a dry season and a wetter season.

Within the classification of this biome, it is possible to differentiate two types of grasslands; Tropical grasslands and temperate grasslands.

  • Tropical grasslands. These, although they are warm throughout the year, have a dry season and a wetter one. Its vegetation is usually more abundant, reaching some herbs even several meters high.
  • Temperate grasslands. It presents annual rainfall between 25 and 75 MM, less than in the case of tropical grasslands. Also their grasslands or herbs do not reach great height and they only measure a few centimeters. This type of grassland can be found in North America, Argentina and Africa.

Prairie weather

In the prairies there are two types of climates ; one for winter and one for summer. The climate in summer is around 21º , while in winter it can reach 11.5º on average. It is important to determine the average climate of the prairie, observe, that area is located the same since there are meadows on every continent and, consequently, those that are more near the equator will have temperatures more higher than those found in areas closer to the poles.

Prairie animals

Foxes, weasels, among many other animals live in South America.

Prairie animals tend to be mostly herbivorous animals and birds . In South America live rodents, vizcachas, hares, guinea pigs, maras, armadillos among which are hairy, mullets, weasels, foxes and lizards. As for birds, you can find rheas, owls, ducks, martinetas, chajáes, chimpanzees, teros and caranchos. The birds that inhabit the prairies of South America are the horneros, cardinals, benteveos, calandrias, earwigs and hummingbirds. A distinctive characteristic of the birds that live in the prairies is that, since there are no trees, they must feed on the ground . For this reason, they have a brown or green coloration that helps them go unnoticed and not be easy prey for other animals. There are some predatory animals in the grasslands but due to human intervention they are in danger of extinction. Some of these species are the puma and the pampas deer. In North America, the animals that can be found are the American badger, bison, striped skunk and coyote, while in Asia the saiga antelope is found.

Prairie flora

In relation to the flora of the prairie, although it is not very abundant in variety of species , it is abundant in quantity. Thus, in a meadow you can see reed beds, grasses and grasslands. Their height will depend on the type of meadow: tropical or temperate. In temperate grasslands there are about 50 species of plants , while in tropical grasslands there can be up to 200 species of plants. It can serve you: Flora and fauna

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