What is a leaky ovarian cyst?

A leaky ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled pocket located in or on the ovary that has begun to rupture, releasing fluid into the abdominal cavity. This can lead to serious complications for the patient and requires immediate medical treatment. A doctor can evaluate the patient, determine the size of the cyst and the nature of the leak, and decide whether to go ahead with surgery or take a more conservative approach and see if the cyst resolves on its own.

Cysts form when the follicles that develop during the menstrual cycle do not open to release the eggs. Instead, they stay in place, creating a small fluid-filled bubble. Over time, an ovarian cyst can grow quite large in some cases. Many are benign and will not cause any symptoms in the patient. Others can twist, cutting off the blood supply to part of the ovary, blocking the fallopian tube, and causing other problems. In some cases, a leaky ovarian cyst develops, releasing fluid into the abdomen.

A patient with a leaking ovarian cyst may notice pain, swelling, and tenderness. You may experience a feeling of fullness in the abdomen and it is sometimes difficult to urinate. If symptoms such as severe pain, fever, and severe nausea and vomiting develop, they may be a sign of dangerous complications such as infection. These can impair the patient's fertility and can also lead to other complications.

Palpation and medical imaging can usually reveal a leaking ovarian cyst. If the cyst is small and the leak seems contained, your doctor may recommend resting, drinking fluids, and allowing it to resolve on its own. Patients may experience symptoms for a few days, but the leak will stop and the ovary will begin to heal. In other cases, surgery may be required to remove the cyst and possibly the entire ovary. Doctors generally only recommend this if they think a patient is at risk for complications.

Sometimes patients experience recurrent cysts as a result of medications or chronic illnesses. In these patients, treatments such as medication changes or surgery may be recommended to address the problem. This may end up compromising the patient's fertility and patients may want to discuss egg donation prior to treatment for the opportunity to freeze and store eggs for future use. Storage technology for whole embryos is generally more reliable than egg storage alone, and patients who donate eggs prior to leaky ovarian cyst surgery may consider having them fertilized and stored, allowing them more options in the future. future if they decide they want to have them. kids.

Go up