What is a Déjà Vu?

What Does Deja vu Mean

Déjà vu (a term taken from French and meaning “already seen, or previously seen”) is called a slight disturbance of memory ( recognition paramnesia ) that produces the feeling that a situation has been experienced previously.

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The term Déjà vu began to be used in this specific sense as a result of the studies of Émile Boirac (1851-1917), a French psychic who used it for the first time in his book The Future of Psychic Sciences .

Later it would be referred to by psychologists such as Edward B. Tichener, who explained it as a quick impression that someone has regarding a lived situation , which is experienced before the brain can consciously “process” the information, which generates a false sensation. of familiarity.

In general terms, the Déjà vu experience is usually brief and diluted after a few moments , accompanied by a feeling of strangeness or awe, and the “previous” experience of what is lived is generally attributed to a dream, which would lead to some kind of premonition.

Scientific approaches, however, contradict the traditional idea that a Déjà vu is part of a prophecy or spiritual message that suddenly becomes conscious, preferring to understand it as an anomaly in the functioning of the psychic machinery of memory .

The Déjà vu experience is tremendously common: two-thirds of the world's population say they have experienced it, according to formal studies.

It can help you: Intuition

Types of déjà vu

According to Arthur Funkhouser (1996), there are three types of Déjà vu :

  • Déjà v éc u . When people speak of Déjà vu , they usually refer to this first type, whose name translates "already lived." It normally occurs between the ages of 15 and 25 and is usually linked to minimal, banal events, around which a series of sensations is woven, producing the conviction that this has already been experienced before.
  • Déjà felt . It differs from the first case in that it is something merely sensory: its name translates “already felt”. It occurs exclusively around mental events and is internal, ephemeral in nature, as it is not usually communicable or persists in consciousness. It is very common in epileptic patients.
  • Déjà v isité . Its name translates "already visited" and obviously implies a reaction to a place that is known for the first time, but you have the feeling of having been there before. Many people therefore link it to the belief of reincarnation and previous lives, if not astral travel during sleep. The psychoanalyst Carl Gustav Jung describes a case of Déjà v isité in his text “On synchronicity”, explaining that it can be a defensive resource for the psyche, which induces a feeling of familiarity to calm anxiety.
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