What is a corticosteroid?

A corticosteroid is a type of medicine that is often called a steroid. This powerful medication is used to treat inflammation. For example, it can be used to treat things like swelling and redness. Corticosteroids are also used to treat itching that occurs as a result of allergies or other types of conditions. They can be prescribed by a doctor to treat a variety of diseases and conditions, including asthma, arthritis, and certain diseases; They are also prescribed for people with severe allergies and certain conditions that affect the skin.

Sometimes a corticosteroid is used to replace something that is missing in the human body. For example, the body sometimes does not produce enough hormones. In such a case, a doctor may prescribe corticosteroids to help with the deficiency, replacing those hormones that are similar to cortisone.

Corticosteroids can cause side effects. For example, this medicine can make a person less able to resist and fight infections. When someone takes this drug, they may not respond as well to medical treatment for certain infections. It's a good idea for a person taking corticosteroids to contact their doctor if they develop an infection or symptoms similar to the common cold, such as a sore throat, cough, or fever.

Other side effects of a corticosteroid include blurred or impaired vision and increased thirst. Some people may also feel the need to urinate more often than usual. However, these side effects are not very common. In rare cases, a person can develop sudden blindness after injecting corticosteroids into the head or neck. In other rare cases, a person may feel pain, burning, or irritation at the injection site.

Some rare side effects of corticosteroids are mental in nature. For example, a person may hallucinate, become confused, or experience abnormal excitement while taking this drug. Depression and mood swings can also occur. Rarely, hives or skin irritation may occur at the injection site. Some people may also experience abdominal irritation, changes in appetite, swelling of extremities, irregular heartbeat, muscle cramps, wounds that are slow to heal, and rapid weight gain.

A corticosteroid can be given as an injection or by mouth. When injected, it can be given into a vein or into a muscle. It can also be applied to the skin or injected into the joints. In some cases, this medication is included with other ingredients in medications such as eye drops and asthma inhalers.

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