What is a citric acid allergy?

Citric acid is a natural acid that is present in all citrus fruits and is synthetically produced from mold and corn for use as a food additive. It is also used as a preservative in various other items, including cosmetics and lotions. An allergy to it can be mild enough to cause a mild skin reaction or severe enough to cause life-threatening complications. A simple blood test is usually all that is needed to determine the presence of a citric acid allergy.

Skin reactions are among the most common symptoms of a citric acid allergy. These symptoms are usually mild and usually involve a rash that may or may not be itchy. This rash is usually found around the mouth if the citric acid was swallowed or on the skin area that has come in contact with a product containing this ingredient. In some cases, hives may develop or swelling may be noted, especially in the facial area of ​​the body. Any possible allergy symptoms should be reported to a medical professional immediately.

Breathing difficulties can be caused by an allergy to citric acid. In mild cases, symptoms may include coughing, sneezing, or nasal congestion. Some people may also develop a runny nose or watery eyes. An over-the-counter antihistamine can help combat these reactions. Severe wheezing or shortness of breath could indicate a life-threatening medical emergency and should be reported to a medical professional immediately.

Gastrointestinal disturbances may indicate the presence of an allergy to citric acid in some cases. Nausea, vomiting, constipation or diarrhea are some of the most common symptoms. Gas, bloating, or intestinal bleeding are also possible gastrointestinal responses to this type of allergy. In babies with a citric acid allergy, these symptoms may include excessive drooling or spitting up.

Physical and emotional changes can sometimes develop in those who have this type of allergy. Muscle pain and severe fatigue are possible symptoms that are often overlooked. Mood swings, such as irritability, a feeling of anxiety, or unexplained crying spells, are also sometimes experienced. For milder symptoms, eliminating all citric acid from the diet may be all that is needed. More severe symptoms require immediate medical attention to avoid potentially fatal complications.

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