What conditions cause pain in the feet and hands?

Foot and hand pain can be experienced independently of one another, or they can be experienced at the same time due to the same or separate conditions. The most common causes of pain in the feet and hands include arthritis, fibromyalgia, nerve pain, injuries and trauma, and pain from overuse. Arthritis occurs when the ligaments in a joint begin to break down, causing painful swelling and other painful joint problems. Arthritis is common in the hands and feet as well as in other parts of the body. Fibromyalgia is a condition in which a person becomes sensitive to pain and pressure throughout the body.

As humans age, the tissues in the joints begin to wear down. This use is called arthritis, and it can be a very painful condition for which there is no cure. The cartilage padding between the bones in the joints begins to wear away, the ligaments begin to stretch, and the bones draw together, which can lead to nerve aggravation or compression, bone degradation, joint stiffness, soreness, and other types of pain. Hand and foot pain is often the result of arthritis, as both parts of the body contain many small joints where arthritis can develop. Arthritis treatment usually involves medications such as anti-inflammatory pills or topical ointments, as well as pain relievers. Regular exercise and stretching can also help relieve some of the pain associated with arthritis, although in some very severe cases, surgery may be necessary; Joint replacement surgeries are sometimes a response to severe or debilitating arthritis.

Fibromyalgia can cause pain throughout the body, including in the hands and feet, although diagnosing this condition can be difficult because medical professionals aren't entirely sure what it is or what causes it. Elevated stress levels are believed to be a contributing factor to this condition. In addition to pain, the individual may have increased sensitivity to pressure. People who have been diagnosed with fibromyalgia, or suspect they may have it, often need to change their daily activities to help reduce symptoms and lower their stress levels.

Nerve damage can also cause pain in the feet and hands, depending on which nerves are damaged. When a nerve becomes compressed, it can cause pain in any area of ​​the body that is served by that nerve. The pain can be caused by compression of more than one nerve, since the hands and feet are served by several different ones. Compression can occur anywhere along the nerve, and many nerves originate or run near the spine. Problems with the nerves in the spine, therefore, can cause pain in different parts of the body.

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