What causes a bleeding ovarian cyst?

The causes of a bleeding ovarian cyst depend on the type of cyst that develops on the ovary of a woman of childbearing age. Cysts are small fluid-filled sacs that can form in many areas of the body. Some ovarian cysts enlarge and may rupture, causing vaginal bleeding. Pelvic pain and bleeding between periods are abnormal signs indicative of an ovarian cyst and require an appointment with a doctor.

Symptoms of an abnormal ovarian cyst include pain on one or both sides of the abdomen. When an ovarian cyst forms, most women will experience sharp pains and cramps within the pelvic region. Difficulty or pain when urinating and during sexual intercourse is also a sign of an ovarian cyst. The menstrual cycle may become irregular or the woman may experience irregular bleeding between periods. A bleeding ovarian cyst will cause heavier blood flow than a normal menstrual cycle.

Normal ovarian cysts form every month as part of a woman's menstrual cycle. The egg develops inside a follicle, which protects it while the uterus prepares to receive it. After the egg is expelled from the follicle, the follicle will normally dissolve. In some cases, the egg is not released and the follicle remains, forming a cyst on the ovary. These cysts are usually not painful and are called functional ovarian cysts.

Sometimes follicular cysts can grow to a large size, causing the cyst to rupture and bleed. A bleeding ovarian cyst is diagnosed with an ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) scan. Some ovarian cysts don't require any treatment other than over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen, or even a warm compress on the abdomen. Occasionally a large ovarian cyst may need to be removed. To shorten the healing time, the surgeon will remove the cyst using a minimally invasive procedure called laparoscopic surgery.

A bleeding ovarian cyst can be caused by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). It is a disease that involves many small cysts in the ovaries. The burst ovarian cyst can cause pain on one side of the abdomen, as well as vaginal bleeding. PCOS is also associated with other metabolic problems like diabetes.

Women with a bleeding ovarian cyst may become anemic due to rapid blood loss from a hemorrhagic ovarian cyst. Removal of the ruptured ovarian cyst may be enough to restore blood hemoglobin levels within a normal range. Some doctors will prescribe oral contraceptives because these pills prevent ovulation and can inhibit the development of ovarian cysts.

Go up